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Open AccessArticle

The Association of Grip Strength with Depressive Symptoms among Middle-Aged and Older Adults with Different Chronic Diseases

1
Faculdade de Motricidade Humana, Universidade de Lisboa, 1649-004 Lisboa, Portugal
2
CIPER, Faculdade de Motricidade Humana, Universidade de Lisboa, 1649-004 Lisboa, Portugal
3
ISAMB, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de Lisboa, 1649-004 Lisboa, Portugal
4
Laboratorio de Ciencias de la Actividad Física, el Deporte y la Salud, Facultad de Ciencias Médicas, Universidad de Santiago de Chile, USACH, Santiago 7500618, Chile
5
Department of Physiology and Biochemistry, University of Physical Education, 51-612 Wroclaw, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(19), 6942; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17196942
Received: 3 September 2020 / Revised: 15 September 2020 / Accepted: 21 September 2020 / Published: 23 September 2020
Low grip strength has been associated with an increase in depressive symptoms, independent of age group or gender, although the literature has not investigated this association among different chronic diseases. The present study aims to investigate the association of grip strength and depressive symptoms among middle-aged and older adults with different chronic diseases. A cross-section of data from the Survey of Health, Ageing, and Retirement in Europe wave 6 (collected in 2015) was analysed. Grip strength was measured by a handgrip dynamometer, and the European Depression Symptoms 12-item scale (EURO-D) was used to assess depressive symptoms. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was conducted. Those in the high strength tertile had 42% (95% confidence interval: 0.50, 0.71; p < 0.005) and 41% (95% confidence interval: 0.50, 0.70; p < 0.001) lower odds of depressive symptoms in the ‘no disease’ and in the ‘metabolic diseases’ groups of participants, respectively, compared with those in the lower strength tertile. No statistically significant relationship between grip strength and depression was observed in the ‘arthritis diseases’ group of participants. The association of grip strength with depressive symptoms must consider, besides gender and age group, the chronic conditions that an individual could have. View Full-Text
Keywords: handgrip strength; depressive symptoms; chronic disease; SHARE handgrip strength; depressive symptoms; chronic disease; SHARE
MDPI and ACS Style

Marconcin, P.; Peralta, M.; Ferrari, G.; Gaspar de Matos, M.; Espanha, M.; Murawska-Ciałowicz, E.; Marques, A. The Association of Grip Strength with Depressive Symptoms among Middle-Aged and Older Adults with Different Chronic Diseases. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 6942.

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