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The Effects of Exclusively Resistance Training-Based Supervised Programs in People with Depression: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials

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Department of Sport and Physical Education, University Institute of Maia (ISMAI), Castêlo da Maia, 4475-690 Maia, Portugal
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Research Centre in Sports Sciences, Health Sciences and Human Development, CIDESD, GERON Research Community, 5001-801 Vila Real, Portugal
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Centre for Research, Education, Innovation and Intervention in Sport (CIFI2D), Faculty of Sport of the University of Porto (FADEUP), 4200-450 Porto, Portugal
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Human Performance Laboratory, Quality of Life and Wellness Research Group, Department of Physical Activity Sciences, Universidad de Los Lagos, Lord Cochrane, 1046 Osorno, Chile
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Department of Physiology and Biochemistry, University School of Physical Education, 51-612 Wroclaw, Poland
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Faculty of Human Kinetics, University of Lisboa, Cruz Quebrada, 1499-002 Lisboa, Portugal
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Escola Superior Desporto e Lazer, Instituto Politécnico de Viana do Castelo, Rua Escola Industrial e Comercial de Nun’Álvares, 4900-347 Viana do Castelo, Portugal
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Instituto de Telecomunicações, Delegação da Covilhã, 1049-001 Lisboa, Portugal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(18), 6715; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17186715
Received: 18 August 2020 / Revised: 9 September 2020 / Accepted: 12 September 2020 / Published: 15 September 2020
The purpose of this study was to systematically review the effects of supervised resistance training (RT) programs in people diagnosed with depression or depressive symptoms. The following databases were used to search and retrieve the articles: Cochrane Library, EBSCO, PEDro, PubMed, Scopus and Web of Science. The search was conducted in late June 2020. Search protocol required the title to contain the words depression or depressive or dysthymia. Furthermore, the title, abstract or keywords had to contain the words or expressions: “randomized controlled trial”; and “strength training” or “resistance training” or “resisted training” or “weight training”. The screening provided 136 results. After the removal of duplicates, 70 records remained. Further screening of titles and abstracts resulted in the elimination of 57 papers. Therefore, 13 records were eligible for further scrutiny. Of the 13 records, nine were excluded, and the final sample consisted of four articles. Results were highly heterogeneous, with half of the studies showing positive effects of resistance training and half showing no effects. In two of the four combinations, the meta-analysis revealed significant benefits of RT in improving depressive symptoms (p ≤ 0.05). However, considering significant differences with moderate (Effect Size = 0.62) and small (ES = 0.53) effects, the heterogeneity was above 50%, thus suggesting a substantial level. To draw meaningful conclusions, future well-designed randomized controlled trials (RCTs) are needed that focus on understudied RT as a treatment for depression. View Full-Text
Keywords: exercise; health; depressive symptoms; strength training; meta-analysis exercise; health; depressive symptoms; strength training; meta-analysis
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MDPI and ACS Style

Carneiro, L.; Afonso, J.; Ramirez-Campillo, R.; Murawska-Ciałowciz, E.; Marques, A.; Clemente, F.M. The Effects of Exclusively Resistance Training-Based Supervised Programs in People with Depression: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 6715. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17186715

AMA Style

Carneiro L, Afonso J, Ramirez-Campillo R, Murawska-Ciałowciz E, Marques A, Clemente FM. The Effects of Exclusively Resistance Training-Based Supervised Programs in People with Depression: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(18):6715. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17186715

Chicago/Turabian Style

Carneiro, Lara; Afonso, José; Ramirez-Campillo, Rodrigo; Murawska-Ciałowciz, Eugenia; Marques, Adilson; Clemente, Filipe M. 2020. "The Effects of Exclusively Resistance Training-Based Supervised Programs in People with Depression: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 17, no. 18: 6715. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17186715

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