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Open AccessArticle

Patterns of Use of Vaping Products among Smokers: Findings from the 2016–2018 International Tobacco Control (ITC) New Zealand Surveys

1
Department of Public Health, University of Otago, Wellington 6023, New Zealand
2
Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, 200 University Ave W., Waterloo, ON N2L 3G1, Canada
3
School of Public Health and Health Systems, University of Waterloo, 200 University Ave W., Waterloo, ON N2L 3G1, Canada
4
Ontario Institute for Cancer Research, 661 University Ave Suite 510, Toronto, ON M5G 0A3, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(18), 6629; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17186629
Received: 13 July 2020 / Revised: 2 September 2020 / Accepted: 5 September 2020 / Published: 11 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue E-Cigarettes: A Global Public Health Perspective)
Alternative nicotine products like e-cigarettes could help achieve an end to the epidemic of ill health and death caused by smoking. However, in-depth information about their use is often limited. Our study investigated patterns of use of e-cigarettes and attitudes and beliefs among smokers and ex-smokers in New Zealand (NZ), a country with an ‘endgame’ goal for smoked tobacco. Data came from smokers and ex-smokers in Waves 1 and 2 of the International Tobacco Control (ITC) NZ Survey (Wave 1 August 2016–April 2017, 1155 participants; Wave 2, June–December 2018, 1020 participants). Trial, current and daily use of e-cigarettes was common: daily use was 7.9% among smokers and 22.6% among ex-smokers in Wave 2, and increased between surveys. Use was commonest among 18–24 years and ex-smokers, but was similar among Māori and non-Māori participants, and by socio-economic status. Most participants used e-cigarettes to help them quit or reduce their smoking. The most common motivating factor for use was cost and the most common barrier to use cited was that e-cigarettes were less satisfying than smoking. The findings could inform developing interventions in order to maximise the contribution of e-cigarettes to achieving an equitable smoke-free Aotearoa, and to minimise any potential adverse impacts. View Full-Text
Keywords: E-cigarettes; vaping; prevalence; knowledge; risk perceptions; policy E-cigarettes; vaping; prevalence; knowledge; risk perceptions; policy
MDPI and ACS Style

Edwards, R.; Stanley, J.; Waa, A.M.; White, M.; Kaai, S.C.; Ouimet, J.; Quah, A.C.; Fong, G.T. Patterns of Use of Vaping Products among Smokers: Findings from the 2016–2018 International Tobacco Control (ITC) New Zealand Surveys. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 6629.

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