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Article

Emotion Regulation Style and Daily Rumination: Potential Mediators between Affect and Both Depression and Anxiety during Adolescence

Faculty of Psychology, Universitat de les Illes Balears–Cta. Valldemossa, Km. 7.5-07122 Palma, Spain
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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(18), 6614; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17186614
Received: 17 July 2020 / Revised: 28 August 2020 / Accepted: 7 September 2020 / Published: 11 September 2020
Adolescence is a vulnerable period for depressive and anxious symptom development, and emotion regulation (ER) may be one mechanism linking temperament—i.e., positive affect (PA) and negative affect (NA)—with such symptomatology. Rumination is a common ER strategy that is traditionally assessed using self-reported questionnaires, but it would also be interesting to examine it with an Ecological Momentary Assessment (EMA) approach. Sixty-five adolescents (Mage = 14.69; SDage = 0.82; range = 14–17 years old; 53.80% girls) completed self-report measures of temperament, ER style, depression and anxiety, and underwent an EMA to investigate rumination use. Results revealed that negative ER style and rumination use mediated the relationship between NA and depression, while only rumination use mediated the relationship between PA and depression. Moreover, NA contributed to increase anxiety, but negative ER style did not significantly mediate this relationship. Rumination use also had no effect on anxiety. This study provides further support for the relationship between temperament, ER, and internalizing problems. It seems that both a negative ER style and rumination use mediate the relationship between NA and depression whereas only NA had a significant direct effect on anxiety. Furthermore, PA buffered the effect of rumination use on depression in this study. View Full-Text
Keywords: ecological momentary assessment; adolescents; emotion regulation; positive and negative affect; rumination; mental health ecological momentary assessment; adolescents; emotion regulation; positive and negative affect; rumination; mental health
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zuzama, N.; Fiol-Veny, A.; Roman-Juan, J.; Balle, M. Emotion Regulation Style and Daily Rumination: Potential Mediators between Affect and Both Depression and Anxiety during Adolescence. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 6614. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17186614

AMA Style

Zuzama N, Fiol-Veny A, Roman-Juan J, Balle M. Emotion Regulation Style and Daily Rumination: Potential Mediators between Affect and Both Depression and Anxiety during Adolescence. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(18):6614. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17186614

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zuzama, Neus, Aina Fiol-Veny, Josep Roman-Juan, and Maria Balle. 2020. "Emotion Regulation Style and Daily Rumination: Potential Mediators between Affect and Both Depression and Anxiety during Adolescence" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 18: 6614. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17186614

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