Next Article in Journal
Prejudice and Feeling of Threat towards Syrian Refugees: The Moderating Effects of Precarious Employment and Perceived Low Outgroup Morality
Next Article in Special Issue
Maternal Socioeconomic Factors and Racial/Ethnic Differences in Neonatal Anthropometry
Previous Article in Journal
Parents’ Perceptions Regarding the Implementation of a Physical Therapy Stimulation Program for Children with Disabilities in Bolivia: A Qualitative Study
Open AccessArticle

The Relationship between Just World Beliefs and Life Satisfaction

Department of Psychology, West Chester University of Pennsylvania, West Chester, PA 19383, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(17), 6410;
Received: 30 July 2020 / Revised: 17 August 2020 / Accepted: 27 August 2020 / Published: 3 September 2020
An important and often unexplored factor shaping life satisfaction is one’s perception of the world as a “just” place. The “just world hypothesis” is predicated on the idea that the world works as a place where people get what they merit, an idea that often serves as a means for people to rationalize injustices. The research addressing just world beliefs has expanded into a four-factor model that categorizes just world beliefs for self and others into subcategories of distributive and procedural justice. Distributive justice involves evaluations of the fairness of outcomes, allocations, or distribution of resources, while procedural concerns evaluations of the fairness of decision processes, rules, or interpersonal treatment. This study explored the relationship between the four just world beliefs subscales and overall satisfaction with life and examined their associations with demographic variables including ethnicity, age, gender, religion, and social class. The relationships of demographic factors with justice beliefs and life satisfaction generally yielded very small effect sizes. However, respondents who identified themselves as middle and upper class reported higher levels of life satisfaction than those who identified themselves as lower class, with a medium effect size. Consistent with the results of earlier research, regressing life satisfaction on the four justice beliefs subscales indicated that the two self-subscales (distributive and procedural) were significantly predictive of life satisfaction, but the two other subscales (distributive and procedural) were not. View Full-Text
Keywords: belief in a just world; life satisfaction; self; others; distributive; procedural belief in a just world; life satisfaction; self; others; distributive; procedural
MDPI and ACS Style

Harding, W.G.; McConatha, J.T.; Kumar, V.K. The Relationship between Just World Beliefs and Life Satisfaction. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 6410.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

Search more from Scilit
Back to TopTop