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Open AccessArticle

Validity and Reliability of the Korean Version of the Pregnancy Physical Activity Questionnaire

1
College of Nursing Science, Kyung Hee University, Seoul 02447, Korea
2
Department of Nursing, Hansei University, Gunpo-si 43742, Korea
3
Department of Nursing, Gangneung-Wonju National University, Wonju-si 26403, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(16), 5873; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17165873
Received: 10 July 2020 / Revised: 7 August 2020 / Accepted: 10 August 2020 / Published: 13 August 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Physical Activity Behaviour during Pregnancy and Postpartum)
The purpose of this study was to translate the Pregnancy Physical Activity Questionnaire, a semi-quantitative tool that asks participants about time spent on 32 activities, into Korean and verify its validity and reliability. In total, 363 pregnant women under prenatal care at an obstetrics and gynecology hospital and a postpartum care facility in Gyeonggi-do completed the Korean version of the Pregnancy Physical Activity Questionnaire. The questionnaire’s content validity, construct validity, concurrent validity, and reliability were verified. After verifying the validity of the contents of the Pregnancy Physical Activity Questionnaire, all the questions were included in the Korean version. For construct validity, we divided the participants into primipara and multipara groups based on their delivery history. On comparison of the two groups’ physical activity based on the responses to the Pregnancy Physical Activity Questionnaire, there was a statistically significant difference in the total activity (t = −4.56, p < 0.001) and the total activity (light activity or more) (t = −5.80, p < 0.001). The correlation between the Pregnancy Physical Activity Questionnaire and the Global Physical Activity Questionnaire was tested to establish concurrent validity, and a significant correlation was found between all items except for vigorous physical activity. The Guttmann reliability coefficient by the odd-even method was 84. The Korean version of the Pregnancy Physical Activity Questionnaire is a suitable tool to measure the physical activity of pregnant women and can be used in clinical practice. View Full-Text
Keywords: exercise; pregnancy; reproducibility of results; women exercise; pregnancy; reproducibility of results; women
MDPI and ACS Style

Han, J.-W.; Kang, J.-S.; Lee, H. Validity and Reliability of the Korean Version of the Pregnancy Physical Activity Questionnaire. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 5873.

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