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Review

Identification of Tools for the Functional and Subjective Assessment of Patients in an Aquatic Environment: A Systematic Review

1
Department of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Health Science, University of Malaga, 29071 Malaga, Spain
2
Institute of Biomedical Research in Malaga (IBIMA), 29071 Malaga, Spain
3
Legal Medicine Area, Department of Human Anatomy, Legal Medicine and History of Science, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaga, 29010 Malaga, Spain
4
Research group on Methodology, Methods, Models and Outcomes of Health and Social Sciences (M3O), Faculty of Health Science and Welfare, University of Vic-Central University of Catalonia (UVIC-UCC), 08500 Vic, Spain
5
Department of Occupational Therapy, Universidad Católica San Antonio de Murcia, 30107 Murcia, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(16), 5690; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17165690
Received: 16 June 2020 / Revised: 22 July 2020 / Accepted: 23 July 2020 / Published: 6 August 2020
Aquatic therapy is one of the most common treatments for alleviating musculoskeletal pathologies. Its effectiveness has been evaluated with functional tests and questionnaires. Functional tests are used in aquatic therapy; however, in most cases, they are carried out in a non-aquatic environment and, as such, their results may differ from those of tests performed in an aquatic environment. A systematic review was performed to assess the accuracy of functional tests and patient-reported outcomes to assess aquatic therapy interventions. The authors conducted a literature search in July 2019. In total, 70,863 records were identified after duplicates removed. Of these, 14 records were included about functional tests assessment in aquatic environment and 725 records for questionnaires. The majority of the tests had also been assessed in a dry environment, allowing differences and similarities between the tests in the two environments to be observed. Different variables have been assessed in tests included in the present systematic review (cardiorespiratory, neuromuscular, kinematic, physiological, kinetic responses and rating of perceived exertion) which are included in the manuscript. Visual Analogue Scale, Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index and the 12-item Short Form Health Survey were the assessments most commonly used by the different authors. View Full-Text
Keywords: functional test; questionnaires; aquatic therapy; assessment functional test; questionnaires; aquatic therapy; assessment
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MDPI and ACS Style

Cuesta-Vargas, A.; Martin-Martin, J.; Gonzalez-Sanchez, M.; Merchan-Baeza, J.A.; Perez-Cruzado, D. Identification of Tools for the Functional and Subjective Assessment of Patients in an Aquatic Environment: A Systematic Review. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 5690. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17165690

AMA Style

Cuesta-Vargas A, Martin-Martin J, Gonzalez-Sanchez M, Merchan-Baeza JA, Perez-Cruzado D. Identification of Tools for the Functional and Subjective Assessment of Patients in an Aquatic Environment: A Systematic Review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(16):5690. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17165690

Chicago/Turabian Style

Cuesta-Vargas, Antonio, Jaime Martin-Martin, Manuel Gonzalez-Sanchez, Jose Antonio Merchan-Baeza, and David Perez-Cruzado. 2020. "Identification of Tools for the Functional and Subjective Assessment of Patients in an Aquatic Environment: A Systematic Review" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 16: 5690. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17165690

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