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The Quality of Life, Psychological Health, and Occupational Calling of Korean Workers: Differences by the New Classes of Occupation Emerging Amid the COVID-19 Pandemic

Department of Physical Education, Chung-Ang University, Seoul 06974, Korea
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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(16), 5689; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17165689
Received: 1 July 2020 / Revised: 28 July 2020 / Accepted: 30 July 2020 / Published: 6 August 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Health, Safety and Well-being at Work- Building Healthy Workplaces)
This study aimed to create new classifications for occupations that have emerged from the COVID-19 pandemic in Korea, based on Reich’s classifications for the United States. We examined Korean workers’ occupational calling, psychological health, and quality of life. An online questionnaire was administered and data from 1029 Korean workers were analyzed. The questionnaire comprised the Korean version of the Multidimensional Calling Measure to assess occupational calling, the Psychosocial Well-being Index-short form for psychological health, and the Control, Autonomy, Self-realization, and Pleasure (CASP-19) scale for quality of life. We created a Korean-adapted version of the classes of occupation based on those created by the COVID-19 situation in the USA. Our results showed that Korean workers had a high perceived calling to work, and different classes showed different levels of quality of life and psychological health. We need a health concentration management system for essential groups or personal safety protection equipment should be provided. Education on infection control should be offered and effective medical system processes should be in place. We need to develop technology to respond to medical needs online, remotely, or telephonically. The government should implement policies to ensure job security and to improve wages and welfare. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; quality of life; psychological health; occupational calling; CASP-19; COVID-19 new classes of occupation; work environment COVID-19; quality of life; psychological health; occupational calling; CASP-19; COVID-19 new classes of occupation; work environment
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Kim, Y.-J.; Kang, S.-W. The Quality of Life, Psychological Health, and Occupational Calling of Korean Workers: Differences by the New Classes of Occupation Emerging Amid the COVID-19 Pandemic. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 5689.

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