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Article

Perceived Job Insecurity and Depressive Symptoms among Italian Dentists: The Moderating Role of Fear of COVID-19

1
Department of Neuroscience, Reproductive Sciences and Dentistry, University of Naples Federico II, 80131 Naples, Italy
2
Department of Public Health, University of Naples Federico II, 80131 Naples, Italy
3
Department of Humanistic Studies, University of Calabria, 87036 Arcavacata di Rende, Italy
4
Private Practice, 80131 Naples, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(15), 5338; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17155338
Received: 27 June 2020 / Revised: 20 July 2020 / Accepted: 22 July 2020 / Published: 24 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Dental Public Health: Issues, Challenges and Opportunities)
Containment measures adopted to reduce the spread of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) have produced a general perception of job insecurity. Dentists have been highly affected by such measures, as they represent an easy source of contagion. As perceived job insecurity is associated with psychological distress and Italian dentists have been highly affected by the COVID-19 outbreak in terms of potential financial loss and the risk of being infected, this study aimed at assessing whether the fear of COVID-19 moderated the effect of perceived job insecurity on depressive symptoms. This cross-sectional online study has included 735 Italian dentists recruited during the lockdown and ranging in age from 27 to 70 years old (495 men and 240 women). A quantile regression model with an inference based on the median and with an interaction term between the fear of COVID-19 and perceived job insecurity has been used to estimate the hypothesized associations. The results indicated that both perceived job insecurity and fear of COVID-19 were positively associated with depressive symptoms, and that the effect of perceived job insecurity on depressive symptoms was weaker among those with a low fear of COVID-19. The findings may inform public health policies for dentists in relation to reducing the risk of developing negative mental health outcomes. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; dentists; fear; job insecurity; depression COVID-19; dentists; fear; job insecurity; depression
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MDPI and ACS Style

Gasparro, R.; Scandurra, C.; Maldonato, N.M.; Dolce, P.; Bochicchio, V.; Valletta, A.; Sammartino, G.; Sammartino, P.; Mariniello, M.; di Lauro, A.E.; Marenzi, G. Perceived Job Insecurity and Depressive Symptoms among Italian Dentists: The Moderating Role of Fear of COVID-19. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 5338. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17155338

AMA Style

Gasparro R, Scandurra C, Maldonato NM, Dolce P, Bochicchio V, Valletta A, Sammartino G, Sammartino P, Mariniello M, di Lauro AE, Marenzi G. Perceived Job Insecurity and Depressive Symptoms among Italian Dentists: The Moderating Role of Fear of COVID-19. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(15):5338. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17155338

Chicago/Turabian Style

Gasparro, Roberta, Cristiano Scandurra, Nelson M. Maldonato, Pasquale Dolce, Vincenzo Bochicchio, Alessandra Valletta, Gilberto Sammartino, Pasquale Sammartino, Mauro Mariniello, Alessandro E. di Lauro, and Gaetano Marenzi. 2020. "Perceived Job Insecurity and Depressive Symptoms among Italian Dentists: The Moderating Role of Fear of COVID-19" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 15: 5338. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17155338

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