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Article

The P.E.A.C.E. Pack Program in Italian High Schools: An Intervention for Victims of Bullying

1
Department of Psychology, University of Bologna, 40127 Bologna, Italy
2
Faculty of Education, Free University of Bolzano, 39042 Bressanone, Italy
3
Department of Educational Sciences, University of Bologna, 40126 Bologna, Italy
4
College of Education Psychology and Social Work, Flinders University, South Australia, 5001 Adelaide, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(14), 5162; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17145162
Received: 29 May 2020 / Revised: 7 July 2020 / Accepted: 15 July 2020 / Published: 17 July 2020
Background: Bullying is a serious public issue, which mainly occurs in school with negative consequences for the students involved as victims. Very few teacher-delivered interventions have shown positive changes in the victims. The present study aimed at implementing the P.E.A.C.E. (Preparation, Education. Action, Coping, Evaluation) pack program, developed in Australia, in Italian high schools. Method: The effectiveness of the program was analyzed through an observational study (pre/post-intervention), involving 551 Italian high school students who completed a questionnaire on bullying victimization, self-efficacy, and bystander behavior. The students were divided into three groups (not involved students, occasional and severe victims) according to their self-reported victimization in the pre-intervention. Results: After the intervention, severe victims (victimized once/week or more often) showed a significant decrease in victimization and higher scores in self-efficacy, while an increase in victimization was observed in the not involved students. As reported by all the groups after the intervention, classmates were perceived more likely to intervene when a bullying episode occurred. By contrast, occasional and severe victims perceived their teachers as less likely to intervene. Conclusions: The P.E.A.C.E. pack is a promising program confirming in Italian schools the effectiveness already shown in other countries. This program is very useful for severe victims, supporting their self-confidence with a decrease in the frequency of aggressive episodes. View Full-Text
Keywords: bullying; victimization; teacher; adolescents; self-efficacy bullying; victimization; teacher; adolescents; self-efficacy
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MDPI and ACS Style

Guarini, A.; Menabò, L.; Menin, D.; Mameli, C.; Skrzypiec, G.; Slee, P.; Brighi, A. The P.E.A.C.E. Pack Program in Italian High Schools: An Intervention for Victims of Bullying. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 5162. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17145162

AMA Style

Guarini A, Menabò L, Menin D, Mameli C, Skrzypiec G, Slee P, Brighi A. The P.E.A.C.E. Pack Program in Italian High Schools: An Intervention for Victims of Bullying. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(14):5162. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17145162

Chicago/Turabian Style

Guarini, Annalisa, Laura Menabò, Damiano Menin, Consuelo Mameli, Grace Skrzypiec, Phillip Slee, and Antonella Brighi. 2020. "The P.E.A.C.E. Pack Program in Italian High Schools: An Intervention for Victims of Bullying" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 14: 5162. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17145162

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