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Open AccessArticle

Bullying Experience among Adolescents with a Turkish Migration Background in Germany: Ethnic Class Composition, Integration, and Religiosity as Protective Factors?

1
Cluster of Excellence ‘Religion & Politics’, Chair of Sociology of Religion, University of Muenster, 48143 Münster, Germany
2
Centre of Clinical Psychology and Rehabilitation (ZKPR), University of Bremen, 28359 Bremen, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(13), 4776; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17134776
Received: 25 May 2020 / Revised: 26 June 2020 / Accepted: 30 June 2020 / Published: 2 July 2020
Bullying is a worldwide problem that has serious effects on the mental health of both victims and perpetrators. Although bullying seems related to increasing globalization and migration, it has seldom been researched in this context. This exploratory study examined bullying experiences and related depressive symptoms among a sample of adolescents with a Turkish migration background in a German school context (N = 103, 56.7% female, MAge = 16.17, SDAge = 1.36). The study focuses on three migration-related variables as potentially salutogenic factors: Ethnic class composition, acculturation, and religiosity. While the ethnic class composition did not show any effect, an integration acculturation strategy and religiosity proved to be protective factors against bullying experience. The negative prediction of integration on depressive symptoms was not consistent throughout the multivariate analyses. The results are discussed against the background of new impulses for bullying intervention programs for this vulnerable group of adolescents from a Turkish migration background. View Full-Text
Keywords: bullying; migration; Turkey; ethnic class composition; acculturation; religiosity; depressiveness bullying; migration; Turkey; ethnic class composition; acculturation; religiosity; depressiveness
MDPI and ACS Style

Demmrich, S.; Akgül, S. Bullying Experience among Adolescents with a Turkish Migration Background in Germany: Ethnic Class Composition, Integration, and Religiosity as Protective Factors? Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 4776.

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