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Effect of Natural Turf, Artificial Turf, and Sand Surfaces on Sprint Performance. A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

1
School of Sport Sciences, Universidad Europea de Madrid, 28670 Madrid, Spain
2
Analytical Chemistry, Nutrition and Food Science Department, University of Alicante, 03690 Alicante, Spain
3
IGOID Research Group, Physical Activity and Sport Sciences Department, University of Castilla-La Mancha, 45071 Toledo, Spain
4
Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sports, University of Copenhaguen, 2177 Copenhagen, Denmark
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(24), 9478; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17249478
Received: 29 October 2020 / Revised: 13 December 2020 / Accepted: 16 December 2020 / Published: 17 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Physical Education and Exercise Prehabilitation)
The aim of this study was to analyze the influence of natural turf, artificial turf, and sand on sprint performance in different sports and to determine how the sport surface affects sprint performance. A systematic search was conducted in Pubmed, Web of Sciences, and SPORTDiscus databases. Out of 5644 studies, 11 studies were included in the meta-analysis. The studies were very heterogeneous, as they examined different structural characteristics or quality parameters. The studies on natural turf and sand showed significant improvements on sprint speed during training. On the other hand, the analysis of fatigue did not reveal significant differences in the deterioration of sprint speed on both natural and artificial turf. Significance was set at p < 0.05. In conclusion, although lower performance in sprint was reported on sand, further studies are needed to explain the differences in sprint on natural and artificial turf. View Full-Text
Keywords: speed; fatigue; artificial turf; natural turf; sand; performance analysis speed; fatigue; artificial turf; natural turf; sand; performance analysis
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sanchez-Sanchez, J.; Martinez-Rodriguez, A.; Felipe, J.L.; Hernandez-Martin, A.; Ubago-Guisado, E.; Bangsbo, J.; Gallardo, L.; Garcia-Unanue, J. Effect of Natural Turf, Artificial Turf, and Sand Surfaces on Sprint Performance. A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 9478. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17249478

AMA Style

Sanchez-Sanchez J, Martinez-Rodriguez A, Felipe JL, Hernandez-Martin A, Ubago-Guisado E, Bangsbo J, Gallardo L, Garcia-Unanue J. Effect of Natural Turf, Artificial Turf, and Sand Surfaces on Sprint Performance. A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(24):9478. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17249478

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sanchez-Sanchez, Javier, Alejandro Martinez-Rodriguez, Jose L. Felipe, Antonio Hernandez-Martin, Esther Ubago-Guisado, Jens Bangsbo, Leonor Gallardo, and Jorge Garcia-Unanue. 2020. "Effect of Natural Turf, Artificial Turf, and Sand Surfaces on Sprint Performance. A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 24: 9478. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17249478

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