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Article

Health Indicators of Pregnant Women in Tonkolili District, Rural Sierra Leone

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Lion Heart Medical Centre, Yele, Gbonkolenken, Tonkolili District, Sierra Leone
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Lion Heart Foundation INGO, Yele, Gbonkolenken, Tonkolili District, Sierra Leone
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District Health Management Team Tonkolili, Primary Health Complex, Magburaka, Tonkolili District, Sierra Leone
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Department of Health Sciences, Global Health, University Medical Centre Groningen, 9700 AD Groningen, The Netherlands
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Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Leeuwarden Medical Centre, 8934 AD Leeuwarden, The Netherlands
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(11), 3918; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17113918
Received: 4 May 2020 / Revised: 17 May 2020 / Accepted: 28 May 2020 / Published: 1 June 2020
Despite having reported one of the highest maternal mortality ratios and neonatal mortality rates in the world, surprisingly little is known about the general health status of pregnant women in rural parts of Sierra Leone. Malaria, anaemia and malnutrition are known contributors to adverse pregnancy outcomes. Although their prevalence is known to be high, the burden of these conditions in the rural pregnant population remains unknown. Our study aimed to gain more insight into the health status of pregnant women. An observational retrospective descriptive study was conducted at the Lion Heart Medical Centre using antenatal care (ANC) registers. The study revealed high prevalence of malaria (35.2%), maternal undernutrition (10.4%) and anaemia (65.9%). The proportion of teenage pregnancies in the ANC population was 16.4%. Both malaria and anaemia were more prevalent in this group, with odds ratios of 2.1 and 1.7, respectively. The findings reveal alarming high rates of anaemia, acute undernutrition and malaria among pregnant women and high numbers of pregnancy among adolescents, with increased health risks. These results will be used to advocate for a malnutrition program, specifically for pregnant women. Our study further emphasises the importance of preventing malaria and anaemia in pregnant women. View Full-Text
Keywords: antenatal care; Sierra Leone; malaria in pregnancy; maternal malnutrition; anaemia in pregnancy; adolescent pregnancy antenatal care; Sierra Leone; malaria in pregnancy; maternal malnutrition; anaemia in pregnancy; adolescent pregnancy
MDPI and ACS Style

Bussink-Voorend, D.; Bussink, A.P.; Falama, A.M.; Stekelenburg, J. Health Indicators of Pregnant Women in Tonkolili District, Rural Sierra Leone. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 3918. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17113918

AMA Style

Bussink-Voorend D, Bussink AP, Falama AM, Stekelenburg J. Health Indicators of Pregnant Women in Tonkolili District, Rural Sierra Leone. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(11):3918. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17113918

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bussink-Voorend, Daphne, Anton P. Bussink, Abdul M. Falama, and Jelle Stekelenburg. 2020. "Health Indicators of Pregnant Women in Tonkolili District, Rural Sierra Leone" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 11: 3918. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17113918

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