Next Article in Journal
A Brief Incubation of Cumulus-Enclosed Mouse Eggs in a Calcium-Free Medium Containing a High Concentration of Calcium-Chelator Markedly Improves Preimplantation Development
Next Article in Special Issue
Psychometric Properties of the Polish Version of Task and Ego Orientation in Sport Questionnaire (TEOSQ)
Previous Article in Journal
Robotic Technology in Pediatric Neurorehabilitation. A Pilot Study of Human Factors in an Italian Pediatric Hospital
Previous Article in Special Issue
“Coach Really Knew What I Needed and Understood Me Well as a Person”: Effective Communication Acts in Coach–Athlete Interactions among Korean Olympic Archers
Article

Why Negative or Positive, If It makes Me Win? Dark Personality in Spanish Competitive Athletes

1
Health Psychology/Behavioural Medicine, Research Group (CTS−0267), University of Granada, 18071 Granada, Spain
2
Faculty of Education, University of Castilla La Mancha, 02071 Albacete, Spain
3
Department of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Granada, 18016 Granada, Spain
4
Biomedical Group (BIO277), Department of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Granada, 18016 Granada, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(10), 3504; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17103504
Received: 19 April 2020 / Revised: 12 May 2020 / Accepted: 15 May 2020 / Published: 17 May 2020
Research on the dark triad traits (narcissism, Machiavellianism and psychopathy) is increasingly focusing on the functional or dysfunctional influences of personality traits on cognitive, behavioural and emotional responses. Thus, studies in sport contexts have shown that athletes who participate in competitive sports have higher scores in the dark triad than those who do not. The objectives of this cross-sectional study were to evaluate the linear and predictive relationships between dark traits and competitiveness (p < 0.01), as well as to identify any differences based on sports orientation (professionals vs. amateurs). Scales SD3 (dark personality) and C−10 (competitiveness) were applied to a sample of Spanish athletes (n = 806). The results show that competitiveness is strongly related to the traits of the dark personality triad. Narcissism is related to both the desire to win and the fear of losing, while Machiavellian tendencies are high when athletes feel like losers. Finally, psychopathic tendencies are related to feelings of inferiority and fear of failure. In conclusion, the results suggest that dark personality traits are related not only to the individuality of the athletes, but also to the self-perception of both their psychological response and the competitiveness of their sporting environment. View Full-Text
Keywords: narcissism; Machiavellianism; psychopathy; competitiveness; sport narcissism; Machiavellianism; psychopathy; competitiveness; sport
MDPI and ACS Style

González-Hernández, J.; Cuevas-Campos, R.; Tovar-Gálvez, M.I.; Melguizo-Rodríguez, L. Why Negative or Positive, If It makes Me Win? Dark Personality in Spanish Competitive Athletes. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 3504. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17103504

AMA Style

González-Hernández J, Cuevas-Campos R, Tovar-Gálvez MI, Melguizo-Rodríguez L. Why Negative or Positive, If It makes Me Win? Dark Personality in Spanish Competitive Athletes. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(10):3504. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17103504

Chicago/Turabian Style

González-Hernández, Juan, Ricardo Cuevas-Campos, María I. Tovar-Gálvez, and Lucía Melguizo-Rodríguez. 2020. "Why Negative or Positive, If It makes Me Win? Dark Personality in Spanish Competitive Athletes" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 10: 3504. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17103504

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop