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Open AccessArticle

The Development of a Screening Tool for Chinese Disordered Gamers: The Chinese Internet Gaming Disorder Checklist (C-IGDC)

1
Department of Psychology, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Macau, Macao, China
2
Center for Cognitive and Brain Sciences, University of Macau, Macao, China
3
Department of Psychiatry, Kaohsiung Municipal Siaogang Hospital, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung City 80708, Taiwan
4
Student Affairs Office, University of Macau, Macao, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Co-first author.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(10), 3412; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17103412
Received: 19 March 2020 / Revised: 9 May 2020 / Accepted: 11 May 2020 / Published: 14 May 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Feature Papers in Public Health Statistics and Risk Assessment)
Despite the increasing research attention being paid to gaming disorder globally, a screening tool developed specifically for the Chinese population is still lacking. This study aims to address this gap by constructing a screening tool to assess Internet gaming disorder (IGD) symptomology, defined by the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), among Chinese gamers. Based on expert interviews and consultations, a focus group of gamers, a background literature review, and the IGD criteria proposed by the DSM-5, we developed the Chinese Internet Gaming Disorder Checklist (C-IGDC). This study evaluated its dimensional structure, reliability, validity, and screening efficacy with 464 Chinese past-year gamers (53% female; mean age = 19.84). The two-level structure of the 27-item C-IGDC showed a satisfactory model fit, acceptable reliability, as well as good validity via expected associations with Internet addiction, gameplay frequency, and depressive symptoms. The optimal screening cutoff score (≥20) was proposed to detect probable IGD cases. The C-IGDC is the first DSM-5-based, multidimensional IGD screening tool designed specifically for Chinese gamers. Further evaluation of the C-IGDC in epidemiological studies and clinical settings is recommended. View Full-Text
Keywords: addiction; Chinese; internet gaming disorder; psychometric properties; screening addiction; Chinese; internet gaming disorder; psychometric properties; screening
MDPI and ACS Style

Chen, J.H.; Zhang, M.X.; Ko, C.-H.; Tong, K.K.; Yu, S.M.; Sou, E.K.L.; Wu, A.M.S. The Development of a Screening Tool for Chinese Disordered Gamers: The Chinese Internet Gaming Disorder Checklist (C-IGDC). Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 3412.

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