Next Article in Journal
Post-Traumatic Stress among Evacuees from the 2016 Fort McMurray Wildfires: Exploration of Psychological and Sleep Symptoms Three Months after the Evacuation
Next Article in Special Issue
Motivational Profiles of High School Physical Education Students: The Role of Controlling Teacher Behavior
Previous Article in Journal
Kinetic Evaluation of Dye Decolorization by Fenton Processes in the Presence of 3-Hydroxyanthranilic Acid
Previous Article in Special Issue
Coaches’ Motivational Style and Athletes’ Fear of Failure
Perspective

International and Spanish Findings in Scientific Literature about Minors’ Mental Health: Predictive Factors Using the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire

1
Department of Psychology, Faculty of Education and Psychology, University of Extremadura, 06006 Badajoz, Spain
2
Department of Psychology, Teacher Training College, University of Extremadura, 10003 Cáceres, Spain
3
Scientific Coordinator R&D Unit Institute of Cognitive Psychology (IPCDHS/FPCE), University of Coimbra, 3000-115 Coimbra, Portugal
4
Department of Didactics of Music, Plastic and Body Expression, Teacher Training College, University of Extremadura, 10003 Cáceres, Spain
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(9), 1603; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16091603
Received: 30 March 2019 / Revised: 30 April 2019 / Accepted: 5 May 2019 / Published: 8 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Emotional and Behavioural Adjustment in Adolescence)
Minors’ mental health is a subject of high global concern. Understanding the factors that influence their mental health is essential to improving the health of future generations. In this study, an analysis of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire’s usefulness is carried out, as a validated tool, recognized in Spain and internationally, for the measurement of minors’ mental health. In turn, the influence of the variables of gender, age, and physical health, along with the occupational social class of parents on Spanish minors’ mental health, has been analyzed. Spanish minors with good physical health and of parents with middle and higher education, as well as in an occupational social class, are less likely to suffer mental health problems. On the other hand, it seems that internalizing symptoms are more likely in girls, and externalizing symptoms are more likely in boys. However, when a global measure of mental health is made without specific subscales, the effects of gender and age diverge greatly, according to the studies. Although there are examples of current research using the same measurement tool, there is still a need for many more international studies that are coordinated using the same methodology. This study identifies the factors which the international and Spanish scientific literature has revealed as being determinants in minors’ mental health. Finally, it is essential that the influence of these factors be assessed in the areas of primary care and mental health to facilitate better detection, intervention, or prevention of mental health problems in today’s children, as well as the children of future generations. View Full-Text
Keywords: mental health; gender; age; social class; child welfare mental health; gender; age; social class; child welfare
MDPI and ACS Style

Fajardo-Bullón, F.; Rasskin-Gutman, I.; León-del Barco, B.; Ribeiro dos Santos, E.J.; Iglesias Gallego, D. International and Spanish Findings in Scientific Literature about Minors’ Mental Health: Predictive Factors Using the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 1603. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16091603

AMA Style

Fajardo-Bullón F, Rasskin-Gutman I, León-del Barco B, Ribeiro dos Santos EJ, Iglesias Gallego D. International and Spanish Findings in Scientific Literature about Minors’ Mental Health: Predictive Factors Using the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(9):1603. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16091603

Chicago/Turabian Style

Fajardo-Bullón, Fernando, Irina Rasskin-Gutman, Benito León-del Barco, Eduardo J. Ribeiro dos Santos, and Damián Iglesias Gallego. 2019. "International and Spanish Findings in Scientific Literature about Minors’ Mental Health: Predictive Factors Using the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 16, no. 9: 1603. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16091603

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop