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Open AccessArticle

Motivational Profiles of High School Physical Education Students: The Role of Controlling Teacher Behavior

1
Department of Health Psychology, Miguel Hernández University of Elche, Avda. Universidad, s/n, 30202 Elche, Spain
2
Sports Research Center, Miguel Hernández University of Elche, Avda. de la Universidad, s/n, 30202 Elche, Spain
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Department of Social Psychology, University of Málaga; Avda. Cervantes, 2, 29071 Málaga, Spain
4
Department of Education, University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, C/Santa Juana de Arco, 1, 35004 Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(10), 1714; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16101714
Received: 5 April 2019 / Revised: 5 May 2019 / Accepted: 12 May 2019 / Published: 16 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Emotional and Behavioural Adjustment in Adolescence)
(1) Background: The purpose of this study was to identify distinct motivational profiles in high school Physical Education students. These motivational profiles were examined in relation to controlling teacher behaviors, as well as to various psychological correlates including the perceived importance of physical activity to the student, student intentions to be physically active, psychological need satisfaction and current physical activity levels. (2) Methods: 416 high school Physical Education students comprised the sample. (3) Results: Cluster analysis and additional multivariate analyses revealed two motivational profiles, Wilk’s Λ = 0.56, F (7, 431) = 45.50, p < 0.01. The “Self-Determined” profile was characterized by high levels of self-determined motivation; high levels of competence, autonomy and relatedness; importance of physical activity; stronger intentions to engage in physical activity; and greater current actual physical activity involvement. The “Less Self-Determined” profile was associated with the perception of controlling teacher behaviors, and with greater external regulation and amotivation. (4) Conclusions: These findings help to provide new insights into the explanation of student motivation in Physical Education and the design of intervention programs. View Full-Text
Keywords: teaching style; motivation; self-determination theory; secondary education teaching style; motivation; self-determination theory; secondary education
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MDPI and ACS Style

Huéscar Hernández, E.; Moreno-Murcia, J.A.; Ruíz González, L.; León González, J. Motivational Profiles of High School Physical Education Students: The Role of Controlling Teacher Behavior. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 1714.

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