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A Two-stage Dynamic Undesirable Data Envelopment Analysis Model Focused on Media Reports and the Impact on Energy and Health Efficiency

1
College of Literature and Journalism, Sichuan University, Wangjiang Road No.29, Chengdu 610064, China
2
Business School, Sichuan University, Wangjiang Road No. 29, Chengdu 610064, China
3
Department of Economics, Soochow University, 56, Kueiyang St., Sec. 1, Taipei 100, Taiwan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(9), 1535; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16091535
Received: 7 March 2019 / Revised: 12 April 2019 / Accepted: 27 April 2019 / Published: 30 April 2019
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Abstract

Past research on energy and environmental issues in China has generally focused on energy and environmental efficiencies with no models having included the public health associations or the role of the media. Therefore, to fill this research gap, this paper used a modified Undesirable Dynamic Network model to analyze the efficiency of China’s energy, environment, health and media communications, from which it was found that the urban production efficiency stage was better than the health treatment stage, and that the energy efficiencies across the Chinese regions varied significantly, with only Beijing, Guangzhou, Lhasa and Nanning being found to have high efficiencies. Large urban gaps and low efficiencies were found for health expenditure, with the best performances being found in Fuzhou, Guangzhou, Haikou, Hefei, Nanning, and Urumqi. The regions with the best media communication efficiencies were Fuzhou, Guangzhou, Haikou, Hefei, Lhasa, Nanning and Urumqi, and the cities with the best respiratory disease efficiencies were Fuzhou, Guangzhou, Haikou, Lhasa, Nanning, Wuhan, Urumqi, Xian, and Yinchuan. Overall, significant efficiency improvements were needed in health expenditure and in particular in respiratory diseases as there were major differences across the country. View Full-Text
Keywords: media; public health; energy efficiency; environmental efficiency; Two-Stage Dynamic SBM model efficiency media; public health; energy efficiency; environmental efficiency; Two-Stage Dynamic SBM model efficiency
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Chen, H.; Liu, J.; Li, Y.; Chiu, Y.-H.; Lin, T.-Y. A Two-stage Dynamic Undesirable Data Envelopment Analysis Model Focused on Media Reports and the Impact on Energy and Health Efficiency. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 1535.

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