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Open AccessArticle

A Low-Cost, Passive Release Device for the Surveillance and Control of Mosquitoes

1
Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Central Florida, Orlando, FL 32827, USA
2
Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA
3
United States Department of Agriculture-Center for Medical, Agricultural and Veterinary Entomology, Gainesville, FL 32608, USA
4
Entomology and Nematology Department, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611-0620, USA
5
J. Crayton Pruitt Family Biomedical Engineering, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Authors B.J.W. and C.D.B. are co-senior authors of this work.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(9), 1488; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16091488
Received: 11 March 2019 / Revised: 24 April 2019 / Accepted: 26 April 2019 / Published: 27 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Recent Advances in Aedes Aegypti Control)
Mosquitoes continue to be a major threat to global health, and the ability to reliably monitor, catch, and kill mosquitoes via passive traps is of great importance. Global, low-cost, and easy-to-use outdoor devices are needed to augment existing efforts in mosquito control that combat the spread of disease, such as Zika. Thus, we have developed a modular, portable, non-powered (passive), self-contained, and field-deployable device suitable for releasing volatiles with a wide range of applications such as attracting, repelling, and killing mosquitoes. This unique device relies on a novel nested wick and two-reservoir design that achieves a constant release of volatiles over several hundred hours. Devices loaded with one of either two compounds, geraniol or 1-methylpiperazine (MP), were tested in a controlled environment (32 °C and 70% relative humidity), and both compounds achieved a constant release from our devices at a rate of 2.4 mg/h and 47 mg/h, respectively. The liquid payload can be volatile attractants or repellants as well as mosquitocide-containing feeding solutions for capture and surveillance. This low-cost device can be utilized for both civilian and military mosquito control purposes, but it will be particularly important for protecting those in economically repressed environments, such as sub-Saharan Africa and Central and South America. View Full-Text
Keywords: Spatial repellent; controlled release; surveillance; military; malaria; field-deployable device; Zika Spatial repellent; controlled release; surveillance; military; malaria; field-deployable device; Zika
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kwan, M.W.C.; Bosak, A.; Kline, J.; Pita, M.A.; Giel, N.; Pereira, R.M.; Koehler, P.G.; Kline, D.L.; Batich, C.D.; Willenberg, B.J. A Low-Cost, Passive Release Device for the Surveillance and Control of Mosquitoes. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 1488.

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