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Article

Application of Habitat Evaluation Procedure with Quantifying the Eco-Corridor in the Process of Environmental Impact Assessment

Department of Environmental Science and Engineering, Ewha Womans University, Seoul 03760, Korea
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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(8), 1437; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16081437
Received: 18 March 2019 / Revised: 15 April 2019 / Accepted: 16 April 2019 / Published: 23 April 2019
In contrast to other fields, environmental protection (e.g., habitat protection) often fails to include quantitative evaluation as part of the existing environmental impact assessment (EIA) process, and therefore the EIA is often a poor forecasting tool, which makes selecting a reasonable plan of action difficult. In this study, we used the Habitat Evaluation Procedure (HEP) to quantify the long-term effects of a road construction project on an ecosystem. The water deer (Hydropotes inermis) was selected as the species of study since it uses an optimum habitat; water deer habitat data were collected on vegetation cover, stream water density, geographic contour, land use class, and road networks. The Habitat Suitability Index (HSI) and Cumulative Habitat Unit (CHU) values for the water deer were estimated to investigate the major land cover classes, the national river systems, and vegetation cover. Results showed that the environmental impact in the road construction project area would result in a net ecological loss value of 1211 without installation of an eco-corridor, which reduced to 662 with an eco-corridor, providing a 55% increase in the net value after 50 years of the mitigation plan. Comparing the 13 proposed ecological mitigation corridors, the corridor that would result in the highest net increase (with an increase of 69.5), was corridor #4, which was regarded as the most appropriate corridor to properly connect water deer habitat. In sum, the study derived the net increase in quantitative values corresponding with different mitigation methods over time for a road construction project; this procedure can be effectively utilized in the future to select the location of ecological corridors while considering the costs of constructing them. View Full-Text
Keywords: habitat evaluation procedure; ecological evaluation; road construction; roadkill; eco-corridor habitat evaluation procedure; ecological evaluation; road construction; roadkill; eco-corridor
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MDPI and ACS Style

Choi, J.; Lee, S. Application of Habitat Evaluation Procedure with Quantifying the Eco-Corridor in the Process of Environmental Impact Assessment. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 1437. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16081437

AMA Style

Choi J, Lee S. Application of Habitat Evaluation Procedure with Quantifying the Eco-Corridor in the Process of Environmental Impact Assessment. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(8):1437. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16081437

Chicago/Turabian Style

Choi, Jiyoung, and Sangdon Lee. 2019. "Application of Habitat Evaluation Procedure with Quantifying the Eco-Corridor in the Process of Environmental Impact Assessment" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 16, no. 8: 1437. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16081437

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