Next Article in Journal
Quantity–Quality Trade-Off and Early Childhood Development in Rural Family: Evidence from China’s Guizhou Province
Next Article in Special Issue
Surgical Risk on Patients with Coagulopathies: Guidelines on Hemophiliac Patients for Oro-Maxillofacial Surgery
Previous Article in Journal
An Evaluation of a Low-Intensity Cognitive Behavioral Therapy mHealth-Supported Intervention to Reduce Loneliness in Older People
Previous Article in Special Issue
Oculo-Facio-Cardio-Dental Syndrome: A Case Report about a Rare Pathological Condition
Open AccessArticle

Reduction of Dental Caries Among Children and Adolescents From a 15-Year Community Water Fluoridation Program in a Township Area, Korea

by Han-Na Kim 1,†, Wook-Sung Kong 2,†, Jung-Ha Lee 2 and Jin-Bom Kim 2,3,*
1
Department of Dental Hygiene, College of Health and Medical Sciences, Cheongju University, Cheongju 28503, Korea
2
Department of Preventive and Community Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Pusan National University, Yangsan 50612, Korea
3
BK PLUS Project, School of Dentistry, Pusan National University, Busan 50612, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Indicates that the two first authors contributed equally to the manuscript.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(7), 1306; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16071306
Received: 26 March 2019 / Revised: 8 April 2019 / Accepted: 10 April 2019 / Published: 11 April 2019
Since 2000, a community water fluoridation program (CWFP) has been implemented in Hapcheon for over 15 years. We aimed to evaluate the caries-reducing effect on permanent teeth after this implementation. In 2015, evaluation surveys were conducted by our study group, 498 subjects aged 8, 10, 12, and 15 years. As the control, 952 similarly aged subjects were selected from the Sixth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2013-2015 KNHANES). Data of a prospective cohort of 671 8-,10- and 12-year-olds, collected when CWFP started, were used for the evaluation. Caries-reducing effects were estimated by decayed, missing and filled teeth (DMFT) scores between CWFP and control groups, pre- and post-program. Confounders including the mean number of sealant teeth and gender were adjusted for. The mean adjusted DMFT scores of 10-, 12- and 15-year-olds in Hapcheon were significantly lower compared to KNHANES DMFT scores; in addition, those of 8-, 10- and 12-year-olds after the 15-year CWFP were significantly lower than in 2000. The caries-reducing effect among 12-year-olds was 37.6% compared to those recorded in KNHANES, and 67.4% compared to those in 2000. In conclusion, the caries-reducing effect was so high that health policy makers should consider CWFP as a priority policy for caries-reducing in Korean children and adolescents. View Full-Text
Keywords: caries prevention; dental caries; DMFT; fluoride; permanent teeth; water fluoridation caries prevention; dental caries; DMFT; fluoride; permanent teeth; water fluoridation
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Kim, H.-N.; Kong, W.-S.; Lee, J.-H.; Kim, J.-B. Reduction of Dental Caries Among Children and Adolescents From a 15-Year Community Water Fluoridation Program in a Township Area, Korea. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 1306.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop