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Maximum Temperature and Solar Radiation as Predictors of Bipolar Patient Admission in an Emergency Psychiatric Ward

1
Section of Psychiatry, IRCCS Ospedale Policlinico San Martino, 16132 Genova, Italy
2
Department of Neuroscience, Rehabilitation, Ophthalmology, Genetics, Maternal and Child Health, University of Genoa, 16132 Genoa, Italy
3
Psychiatric Clinic, “San Luigi Gonzaga Hospital” of Orbassano—“Rita Levi Montalcini” Department of Neuroscience, University of Turin, 10043 Turin, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(7), 1140; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16071140
Received: 25 March 2019 / Revised: 26 March 2019 / Accepted: 27 March 2019 / Published: 29 March 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Health Behavior, Chronic Disease and Health Promotion)
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Abstract

Environmental variables can regulate behavior in healthy subjects. Recently, some authors investigated the role of meteorological variables in bipolar patients with an impact on both the onset and course of bipolar disorder (BD). The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of meteorological variables and other indexes in bipolar hospitalized patients. We examined all patients admitted to the Psychiatric Inpatient Unit of San Luigi Gonzaga Hospital, Orbassano (Turin, Italy) from September 2013 to August 2015, collecting several socio-demographic and clinical characteristics. Seven hundred and thirty patients were included. Compared to the day of admission of control individuals, patients with BD were admitted on a day that presented higher minimum, medium, and maximum temperature, higher maximum humidity, higher solar radiation, and higher hours of sunshine. After logistic regression analysis, admissions to the emergency psychiatric ward due to a primary diagnosis of BD were associated with maximum temperature and solar radiation. The current study provides a novel perspective on the question surrounding seasonal mood patterns in patients with BD. A greater awareness of all possible precipitating factors is needed to inform self-management and psycho-educational programs as well as to improve resilience regarding affective recurrences in the clinical practice. View Full-Text
Keywords: bipolar disorder; temperature; emergency psychiatry; meteorological variables; daylight exposure; sunlight bipolar disorder; temperature; emergency psychiatry; meteorological variables; daylight exposure; sunlight
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Aguglia, A.; Serafini, G.; Escelsior, A.; Canepa, G.; Amore, M.; Maina, G. Maximum Temperature and Solar Radiation as Predictors of Bipolar Patient Admission in an Emergency Psychiatric Ward. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 1140.

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