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Open AccessArticle

Health Disparities in Czechia and Portugal at Country and Municipality Levels

1
Department of Social Geography and Regional Development, Faculty of Science, Charles University, 128 43 Prague, Czech Republic
2
Centre of Studies in Geography and Spatial Planning, University of Coimbra, 3004-530 Coimbra, Portugal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(7), 1139; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16071139
Received: 7 February 2019 / Revised: 22 March 2019 / Accepted: 24 March 2019 / Published: 29 March 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Health Disparities in Urban Areas)
This article investigates the health outcomes and determinants between two different European populations, Portuguese and Czech, on two hierarchical levels: country and metropolitan area. At first, the decomposition method of age and cause of death were compared on the country level, and then health was examined based on a factor analysis at the municipality level of Prague and Lisbon. The results clearly indicate problematic diabetes mortality among the Portuguese population, and especially in the Lisbon Metropolitan Area, and confirm the dominant role of circulatory mortality and cancer mortality among Czech, especially the Prague population. The social and economic deprivations were revealed as the major drivers for both metropolitan areas, although with differences between them, requiring interventions that go beyond the health sector. View Full-Text
Keywords: population health; health determinants; health outcomes; health inequalities; Czechia; Portugal population health; health determinants; health outcomes; health inequalities; Czechia; Portugal
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Lustigova, M.; Dzurova, D.; Costa, C.; Santana, P. Health Disparities in Czechia and Portugal at Country and Municipality Levels. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 1139.

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