Next Article in Journal
Census Tract Food Tweets and Chronic Disease Outcomes in the U.S., 2015–2018
Previous Article in Journal
Fractional Multi-Step Differential Transformed Method for Approximating a Fractional Stochastic SIS Epidemic Model with Imperfect Vaccination
Article Menu
Issue 6 (March-2) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle

Smoking and Physical Activity Trajectories from Childhood to Midlife

1
Faculty of Sport and Health Sciences, University of Jyväskylä, 40014 Jyväskylä, Finland
2
LIKES Research Centre for Physical Activity and Health, 40014 Jyväskylä, Finland
3
Research Centre of Applied and Preventive Cardiovascular Medicine, University of Turku, 20520 Turku, Finland
4
Menzies Institute for Medical Research, University of Tasmania, 7005 Hobart, Australia
5
Department of Pediatrics, University of Tampere and Tampere University Hospital, 33100 Tampere, Finland
6
Department of Medicine and Division of Medicine, University of Turku and Turku University Hospital, 20500 Turku, Finland
7
Department of Clinical Physiology and Nuclear Medicine, Turku University Hospital, 20500 Turku, Finland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(6), 974; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16060974
Received: 5 February 2019 / Revised: 5 March 2019 / Accepted: 12 March 2019 / Published: 18 March 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Health Behavior, Chronic Disease and Health Promotion)
  |  
PDF [1644 KB, uploaded 25 March 2019]
  |  

Abstract

Introduction: Despite substantial interest in the development of health behaviors, there is limited research that has examined the longitudinal relationship between physical activity (PA) and smoking trajectories from youth to adulthood in a Finnish population. This study aimed to identify trajectories of smoking and PA for males and females, and study the relationship between these trajectories from youth to adulthood. Methods: Latent profile analysis (LPA) was used to identify trajectories of smoking and PA separately for males and females among 3355 Finnish adults (52.1% females). Participants’ smoking and PA were assessed five to eight times over a 31-year period (3–18 years old at the baseline, 34–49 years at last follow-up). Multinomial logistic regression analysis was used to study the relationship between the trajectories of smoking and PA. Results: Five smoking trajectories and four to five PA trajectories were identified for males and females. Of the PA trajectory groups, the persistently active group were least likely to follow the trajectories of regular smoking and the inactive and low active groups were least likely to follow non-smoking trajectory group. Likewise, inactive (women only) and low active groups were less likely to belong to the non-smokers group. Conclusions: The study suggests that those who are persistently active or increasingly active have substantially reduced probabilities of being in the highest-risk smoking categories. View Full-Text
Keywords: physical activity; smoking; cohort study; longitudinal study; trajectory; adults physical activity; smoking; cohort study; longitudinal study; trajectory; adults
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Supplementary material

SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Salin, K.; Kankaanpää, A.; Hirvensalo, M.; Lounassalo, I.; Yang, X.; Magnussen, C.G.; Hutri-Kähönen, N.; Rovio, S.; Viikari, J.; Raitakari, O.T.; Tammelin, T.H. Smoking and Physical Activity Trajectories from Childhood to Midlife. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 974.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top