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Health-Associated Nutrition and Exercise Behaviors in Relation to Metabolic Risk Factors Stratified by Body Mass Index

1
Department of Golden-Ager Industry Management, Chaoyang University of Technology, Taichung 413, Taiwan
2
Occupational Health Center, Changhua Christian Hospital, Changhua 500, Taiwan
3
Department of Psychology, Chung Shan Medical University, Taichung 402, Taiwan
4
Room of Clinical Psychology, Chung Shan Medical University Hospital, Taichung 402, Taiwan
5
Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Changhua Christian Hospital, Changhua 500, Taiwan
6
Department of Construction Engineering, Chaoyang University of Technology, Taichung 413, Taiwan
7
Department of Leisure Services Management, Chaoyang University of Technology, Taichung 413, Taiwan
8
Department of Occupational Medicine, Changhua Christian Hospital, Changhua 500, Taiwan
9
School of Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung 807, Taiwan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(5), 869; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16050869
Received: 10 February 2019 / Revised: 28 February 2019 / Accepted: 6 March 2019 / Published: 9 March 2019
(This article belongs to the Collection Health Behaviors, Risk Factors, NCDs and Health Promotion)
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Abstract

This study aimed to investigate the relationships of nutrition and exercise behaviors on metabolic risk factors (MRF) when body mass index (BMI) was considered. Health-associated nutrition and exercise behaviors were assessed by a questionnaire, anthropometric values, blood pressure and biochemical determinations that were obtained from 4017 workers. The nutrition score was negatively associated with triglycerides in the overweight subgroup and with systolic blood pressure (SBP) in the obese subgroup. The exercise score was negatively associated with triglycerides and waist circumference (WC) and positively associated with SBP and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) in the ideal weight subgroup as well as being negatively associated with WC and positively associated with HDL-C in the overweight subgroup. Similarly, the exercise score was negatively associated with WC and positively associated with SBP in the obese subgroup. However, no significant association was found between nutrition or exercise behavior and MRF in the underweight subgroup. In conclusion, the relationships of exercise and nutrition behaviors on MRF varied for different levels of BMI. Exercise showed a significant association with lower WC. Moreover, its effect showed a gradient trend in accordance with the levels of BMI. For ameliorating MRF, exercise seemed to have better effects than nutrition behavior, especially in the ideal weight subgroup. View Full-Text
Keywords: nutrition; exercise; metabolic risk factors; health promotion; worker nutrition; exercise; metabolic risk factors; health promotion; worker
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Huang, J.-H.; Li, R.-H.; Huang, S.-L.; Sia, H.-K.; Hsu, W.-T.; Tang, F.-C. Health-Associated Nutrition and Exercise Behaviors in Relation to Metabolic Risk Factors Stratified by Body Mass Index. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 869.

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