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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(5), 824; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16050824

Parental Perceived Travel Time to and Reported Use of Food Retailers in Association with School Children’s Dietary Patterns

1
Department of Nutrition, Centre of Health Sciences, Federal University of Santa Catarina, Trindade, Florianópolis, Santa Catarina 88040-900, Brazil
2
Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Amsterdam Public Health Research Institute, Amsterdam UMC, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, F wing, De Boelelaan 1089a, 1081 HV Amsterdam, The Netherlands
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 17 January 2019 / Revised: 21 February 2019 / Accepted: 1 March 2019 / Published: 7 March 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Environmental Influences on Food Behaviour)
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Abstract

Considering the association between the neighborhood food environment and individual eating behaviors, this study aimed to assess the association between parents’ reported use of food facilities by their children, and parental perceived travel time to food facilities, with their children’s dietary patterns. Parents reported the use of supermarkets, full-service and fast-food restaurants, and perceived travel time to these food retailers. To assess school children’s food consumption, a previous day dietary recall was applied. Factor analysis was conducted to identify dietary patterns. To test the association between reported use and perceived travel time to food retailers and school children’s dietary patterns, we performed multilevel linear regression analyses. Parents’ reported use of supermarkets was associated with children’s higher score in the “Morning/Evening Meal” pattern. The use of full-service and fast-food restaurants was associated with children’s higher score in the “Fast Food” pattern. Higher parental perceived travel time to full-service and fast-food restaurants was associated with children’s lower score in the “Fast Food” pattern. Although the use of full-service and fast-food restaurants was associated with a less healthy dietary pattern, the perception of living further away from these food retailers may pose a barrier for the use of these facilities. View Full-Text
Keywords: school children; dietary patterns; food environment; perceived travel time; use of food retailers school children; dietary patterns; food environment; perceived travel time; use of food retailers
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Alves, M.A.; Pinho, M.G.M.; Corrêa, E.N.; das Neves, J.; de Assis Guedes de Vasconcelos, F. Parental Perceived Travel Time to and Reported Use of Food Retailers in Association with School Children’s Dietary Patterns. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 824.

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