Determinants of Diet and Physical Activity in Malaysian Adolescents: A Systematic Review
AbstractThe increased prevalence of unhealthy eating habits and sedentary lifestyles among Malaysian adolescents has become a public health concern. The aim of this systematic review was to summarize evidence from observational studies related to diet and physical activity (PA) among Malaysian adolescents (13–18 years) and to recognize the associations between determinants of diet and PA and diet and PA behaviours. A systematic search for observational studies published from August 1990 through August 2017 was conducted via PubMed, Science Direct, Cochrane and Web of Science. A total of 18 studies met the inclusion criteria; these were independently extracted by two reviewers. Gender and ethnicity were the most commonly studied correlates of diet and PA; males were more physically active and they tended to have poorer diet quality and higher energy and macronutrient intakes in comparison to females; Malay adolescents had a lower diet quality and Chinese adolescents spent less time in PA compared to other ethnicities. However, the significance of these associations was often small or inconsistent. This review highlights the lack of longitudinal observational studies but summarizes the best available evidence for policymakers and public health practitioners to improve the diet and the level of PA in Malaysian adolescents. View Full-Text
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Mohammadi, S.; Jalaludin, M.Y.; Su, T.T.; Dahlui, M.; Azmi Mohamed, M.N.; Abdul Majid, H. Determinants of Diet and Physical Activity in Malaysian Adolescents: A Systematic Review. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 603.
Mohammadi S, Jalaludin MY, Su TT, Dahlui M, Azmi Mohamed MN, Abdul Majid H. Determinants of Diet and Physical Activity in Malaysian Adolescents: A Systematic Review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(4):603.Chicago/Turabian Style
Mohammadi, Shooka; Jalaludin, Muhammad Y.; Su, Tin T.; Dahlui, Maznah; Azmi Mohamed, Mohd N.; Abdul Majid, Hazreen. 2019. "Determinants of Diet and Physical Activity in Malaysian Adolescents: A Systematic Review." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 16, no. 4: 603.
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