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Article

Spatial Characteristics and Factor Analysis of Pollution Emission from Heavy-Duty Diesel Trucks in the Beijing–Tianjin–Hebei Region, China

by 1,2, 1, 2,3,*, 1,2,3 and 2,3
1
The Academy of Digital China, Fuzhou University, Fuzhou 350002, China
2
State Key Laboratory of Resources and Environmental Information System, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
3
University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(24), 4973; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16244973
Received: 24 October 2019 / Revised: 14 November 2019 / Accepted: 5 December 2019 / Published: 6 December 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Environmental Science and Engineering)
Heavy-duty diesel trucks (HDDTs) contribute significantly to NOX and particulate matter (PM) pollution. Although existing studies have emphasized that HDDTs play a dominant role in vehicular pollution, the spatial distribution pattern of HDDT emissions and their related socioeconomic factors are unclear. To fill this research gap, this study investigates the spatial distribution pattern and spatial autocorrelation characteristics of NOX, PM, and SO2 emissions from HDDTs in 200 districts and counties of the Beijing–Tianjin–Hebei (BTH) region. We used the spatial lag model to calculate the significances and directions of the pollutants from HDDTs and their related socioeconomic factors, namely, per capita GDP, population density, urbanization rate, and proportions of secondary and tertiary industries. Then, the geographical detector technique was applied to quantify the strengths of the significant socioeconomic factors of HDDT emissions. The results show that (1) NOX, PM, and SO2 pollutants emitted by HDDTs in the BTH region have spatial heterogeneity, i.e., low in the north and high in the east and south. (2) The pollutants from HDDTs in the BTH region have significant spatial autocorrelation characteristics. The spatial dependence effect was obvious; for every 1% increase in the HDDT emissions in the surrounding districts and counties, the local HDDT emissions increased by 0.39%. (3) Related factors analysis showed that the proportion of tertiary industries had a significant negative correlation, whereas the proportion of secondary industries and urbanization rate had significant positive correlations with HDDT emissions. Population density and per capita GDP did not pass the significance test. (4) The order of effect intensities of the significant socioeconomic factors was proportion of tertiary industry > proportion of secondary industry > urbanization rate. This study guides scientific decision making for pollution control of HDDTs in the BTH region. View Full-Text
Keywords: heavy-duty diesel trucks; socioeconomic factors; spatial autocorrelation characteristic; spatial econometric model; geographical detector technique heavy-duty diesel trucks; socioeconomic factors; spatial autocorrelation characteristic; spatial econometric model; geographical detector technique
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhang, B.; Wu, S.; Cheng, S.; Lu, F.; Peng, P. Spatial Characteristics and Factor Analysis of Pollution Emission from Heavy-Duty Diesel Trucks in the Beijing–Tianjin–Hebei Region, China. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 4973. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16244973

AMA Style

Zhang B, Wu S, Cheng S, Lu F, Peng P. Spatial Characteristics and Factor Analysis of Pollution Emission from Heavy-Duty Diesel Trucks in the Beijing–Tianjin–Hebei Region, China. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(24):4973. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16244973

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zhang, Beibei, Sheng Wu, Shifen Cheng, Feng Lu, and Peng Peng. 2019. "Spatial Characteristics and Factor Analysis of Pollution Emission from Heavy-Duty Diesel Trucks in the Beijing–Tianjin–Hebei Region, China" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 16, no. 24: 4973. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16244973

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