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Open AccessArticle

The Relationship between the Number of Daily Health-Related Behavioral Risk Factors and Sleep Health of the Elderly in China

1
School of Health Sciences, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430071, China
2
Global Health Institute, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, China
3
School of Public Health and Management, Hubei University of Medicine, Shiyan 442000, China
4
Department of Public Health Administration, Faculty of Public Health, Mahidol University, Bangkok 10400 Thailand
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(24), 4905; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16244905
Received: 13 November 2019 / Revised: 30 November 2019 / Accepted: 3 December 2019 / Published: 4 December 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Health Behavior, Chronic Disease and Health Promotion)
This study examined the cross-sectional association among a number of daily health-related behavioral risk factors and sleep among Chinese elderly. A sample of 4993 adults, aged 60 years and older, from the China’s Health-Related Quality of Life Survey for Older Adults 2018 was included in this study. Five daily health-related behaviors, which included smoking, drinking, unhealthy eating habits, insufficient leisure activities, and physical inactivity were measured. Sleep disturbances and sleep quality were used to represent the respondents’ sleep status. Multiple logistic regression models and multiple linear regression models were established. The odds ratios (ORs) of sleep disturbances for those with one to five health-related risk behaviors were 1.41 (95% CI = 1.11 to 1.78), 2.09 (95% CI = 1.66 to 2.63), 2.54 (95% CI = 1.99 to 3.25), 2.12 (95% CI = 1.60 to 2.80), and 2.49 (95% CI = 1.70 to 3.65), respectively. Individuals with one health-related risk behavior (B = 0.14, 95% CI = −0.23 to −0.06), two health-related risk behaviors (B = 0.21, 95% CI = −0.30 to −0.13), three health-related risk behaviors (B = 0.46, 95% CI = −0.55 to −0.37), four health-related risk behaviors (B = 0.50, 95% CI = −0.62 to −0.39), and five health-related risk behaviors (B = 0.83, 95% CI = −1.00 to −0.66) showed lower scores of self-perceived sleep quality. Having multiple health-risk behaviors was positively correlated with a higher risk of sleep disturbances among Chinese elderly. Moreover, elderly individuals with multiple health-related risk behaviors were significantly associated with poorer sleep quality. View Full-Text
Keywords: unhealthy daily behaviors; sleep disorder; sleep quality; association; Chinese elderly unhealthy daily behaviors; sleep disorder; sleep quality; association; Chinese elderly
MDPI and ACS Style

Liu, X.; Chen, J.; Zhou, J.; Liu, J.; Lertpitakpong, C.; Tan, A.; Wu, S.; Mao, Z. The Relationship between the Number of Daily Health-Related Behavioral Risk Factors and Sleep Health of the Elderly in China. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 4905.

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