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Open AccessArticle

Psychometric Characteristics of the Physical Activity Enjoyment Scale in the Context of Physical Activity in Nature

1
Pontificia University of Comillas, Calle de Alberto Aguilera, 23, 28015 Madrid, Spain
2
Faculty of Education Sciences, University of Granada, Avenida Fuente Nueva s/n, 18071 Granada, Spain
3
Faculty of Education, Psychology and Sport Sciences, University of Huelva, Avenida Tres de Marzo s/n, 21071 Huelva, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(24), 4880; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16244880
Received: 17 October 2019 / Revised: 22 November 2019 / Accepted: 25 November 2019 / Published: 4 December 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Developments in Physical Education and Sport)
The aim of this study was to analyze the psychometric properties of the Physical Activity Enjoyment Scale applied to different contexts for initial or original use, such as in the context of physical activity in nature. In order to do this, we carried out a study at some primary and secondary schools located in western Andalucía (Spain), with students aged 9–12 years old (M = 11.22; SD = 1.07). Therefore, a sample of 206 students in Study 1 (98 boys = 47.8%; 107 girls = 52.2%) and 455 students in Study 2 (228 boys = 50.1% 227 girls = 49.9%) was used. The students of the two groups that belong to the study created a program related to Physical Activity in Nature. Descriptive, exploratory, and confirmatory analyses were conducted. We also analyzed several other factors, such as internal consistency, composite reliability, average extracted variance, and convergent validity. Afterward, differences according to gender and school year were also studied. The data showed the need to eliminate many of the items from the original scale, giving, as a result, a model of six items that satisfactorily fit into the confirmatory analysis for the use of physical activity in nature. The ANOVA statistical test, used to analyze sex and school year, did not show any tangible differences between the target groups. Thanks to its application, we note that the PACES instrument cannot be applied as-is; some items must be removed or modified. Therefore, we must obtain a new, more specific instrument for these types of incipient practices undertaken in natural environments. View Full-Text
Keywords: enjoyment; physical activity in nature; outdoor education; teenagers enjoyment; physical activity in nature; outdoor education; teenagers
MDPI and ACS Style

Fuentesal-García, J.; Baena-Extremera, A.; Sáez-Padilla, J. Psychometric Characteristics of the Physical Activity Enjoyment Scale in the Context of Physical Activity in Nature. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 4880.

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