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Open AccessArticle

Dissipation Theory-Based Ecological Protection and Restoration Scheme Construction for Reclamation Projects and Adjacent Marine Ecosystems

1
Third Institute of Oceanography, Ministry of Natural Resources, Xiamen 361005, China
2
College of Environment and Ecology, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005, China
3
Xiamen Branch of Tianjin Urban Planning and Design Institute, Xiamen 3611005, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(21), 4303; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16214303
Received: 26 September 2019 / Revised: 2 November 2019 / Accepted: 4 November 2019 / Published: 5 November 2019
According to the 2017 results of the Special Inspector of Sea Reclamation, a substantial number of idle reclamation zones existed in 11 provinces (cities) along the coast of China. To improve the protection level of coastal wetlands and strictly control reclamation activities, it is necessary to carry out ecological restoration of reclamation projects and adjacent marine ecosystems. The characteristics of Guanghai Bay and its reclamation project are typical in China’s coastal areas, making it an optimal representative site for this study. The dissipative structure and entropy theory was used to analyze ecological problems and environmental threats. The analytic hierarchy process was applied to determine the order of the negative entropy flow importance. The entropy increase and decrease mechanism was used to determine an ecological protection and restoration scheme for the reclamation, including the reclamation of wetland resource restoration, shoreline landscape restoration, environmental pollution control, and marine biological resource restoration. Finally, based on system logic, a typical ecological restoration system was constructed east of Guanghai Bay, with the mangrove wetland area as the model in the north and the artificial sandbeach recreation area as the focus in the south. View Full-Text
Keywords: ecological restoration; dissipative structure; entropy change; analytic hierarchy process ecological restoration; dissipative structure; entropy change; analytic hierarchy process
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Huang, F.; Lin, Y.; Zhao, R.; Qin, X.; Chen, Q.; Lin, J. Dissipation Theory-Based Ecological Protection and Restoration Scheme Construction for Reclamation Projects and Adjacent Marine Ecosystems. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 4303.

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