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Article

High-Intensity Interval Circuit Training Versus Moderate-Intensity Continuous Training on Functional Ability and Body Mass Index in Middle-Aged and Older Women: A Randomized Controlled Trial

1
Physical Exercise and Human Performance Research Group, Universidad de Murcia, 30002 Murcia, Spain
2
Department of Physiotherapy, Universidad de Murcia, 30002 Murcia, Spain
3
Department of Physical Activity and Sport Sciences, UCAM Research Centre for High Performance Sport. Department of Health and Human Performance, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid (UPM), 28040 Madrid, Spain
4
Department of Education, Health and Public Administration Research Center, Universidad de Almería, 04120 Almería, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(21), 4205; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16214205
Received: 25 September 2019 / Revised: 19 October 2019 / Accepted: 29 October 2019 / Published: 30 October 2019
The literature suggests that high-intensity interval training (HIIT) is more effective than moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT) to improve functional ability. However, there is no evidence on including HIIT in a circuit programme (HIICT). Our objective was to determine what type of training (HIICT or MICT) induces greater adaptations in the functional ability and body mass index of middle-aged and older women. The study used a quasi-experimental randomized controlled trial with 54 participants (age = 67.8 ± 6.2 years). Participants were randomly allocated to HIICT (n = 18), MICT (n = 18) or a non-exercise control group (CG; n = 18). The participants in the HIICT or MICT groups trained twice a week (1 h/session) for 18 weeks. Forty-one subjects were analysed (HIICT; n = 17, MICT; n = 12, CG; n = 12). Five subjects presented adverse events during the study. Strength, gait, cardiorespiratory fitness, balance and body mass index were measured. A significant training x group interaction was found in the arm curl test, where HIICT was statistically better than MICT and CG. Likewise, HIICT was statistically better than the CG in the BMI interaction. In lower limb strength, gait/dynamic balance and cardiorespiratory fitness, both HIICT and MICT were statistically better than the CG. In conclusion, HIICT generated better adaptations in upper limb strength than MICT. Likewise, HIICT generated better adaptations in body mass index than CG. Finally, both HIICT and MICT had a similar influence on strength, cardiorespiratory fitness and gait/dynamic balance. View Full-Text
Keywords: high-intensity interval training; circuit training; older; middle-aged; women; functional ability high-intensity interval training; circuit training; older; middle-aged; women; functional ability
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ballesta-García, I.; Martínez-González-Moro, I.; Rubio-Arias, J.Á.; Carrasco-Poyatos, M. High-Intensity Interval Circuit Training Versus Moderate-Intensity Continuous Training on Functional Ability and Body Mass Index in Middle-Aged and Older Women: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 4205. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16214205

AMA Style

Ballesta-García I, Martínez-González-Moro I, Rubio-Arias JÁ, Carrasco-Poyatos M. High-Intensity Interval Circuit Training Versus Moderate-Intensity Continuous Training on Functional Ability and Body Mass Index in Middle-Aged and Older Women: A Randomized Controlled Trial. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(21):4205. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16214205

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ballesta-García, Ismael, Ignacio Martínez-González-Moro, Jacobo Á. Rubio-Arias, and María Carrasco-Poyatos. 2019. "High-Intensity Interval Circuit Training Versus Moderate-Intensity Continuous Training on Functional Ability and Body Mass Index in Middle-Aged and Older Women: A Randomized Controlled Trial" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 16, no. 21: 4205. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16214205

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