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Open AccessArticle

Emotion, Psychological Well-Being and Their Influence on Resilience. A Study with Semi-Professional Athletes

1
Department of Psychology, Hum-878 Research Team, Health Research Centre, University of Almeria, 04120 Almeria, Spain
2
Department of Psychology, University of Burgos, 09001 Burgos, Spain
3
Department of Nursing Science, Physiotherapy and Medicine, Hum-498 Research Team, Health Research Centre, University of Almeria, 04120 Almeria, Spain
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(21), 4192; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16214192
Received: 16 September 2019 / Revised: 24 October 2019 / Accepted: 26 October 2019 / Published: 30 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Health, Exercise and Sports Performance)
The objective of the present study is to analyze the influence of coaches on emotional intelligence and on levels of anxiety, motivation, self-esteem, and resilience among athletes. Five-hundred forty-seven semi-professional athletes between the ages of 16 and 19 participated in this study. Various statistical analyses were conducted which explain the causal relationships between the variables. The results, obtained using a structural equations model, find that while autonomy support positively predicts emotional intelligence, perceived control predicts it negatively. Moreover, emotional intelligence positively predicts self-esteem and self-determined motivation, but negatively predicts anxiety. Other results show that self-esteem positively predicts self-determined motivation, whereas anxiety predicts it negatively. Finally, self-determined motivation positively predicts resilience. Indeed, the study demonstrates the influence and the importance of coaches in relation to the emotional intelligence, psychological well-being, and motivational processes of adolescent athletes when the latter engage in their respective sports. These results help to better understand how different behavioral, emotional, and social aspects belonging to the athlete interrelate with one another during competition. View Full-Text
Keywords: motivation; resilience; anxiety; self-esteem; emotion motivation; resilience; anxiety; self-esteem; emotion
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MDPI and ACS Style

Trigueros, R.; Aguilar-Parra, J.M.; Álvarez, J.F.; González-Bernal, J.J.; López-Liria, R. Emotion, Psychological Well-Being and Their Influence on Resilience. A Study with Semi-Professional Athletes. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 4192.

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