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Open AccessArticle

Dairy Production under Climatic Risks: Perception, Perceived Impacts and Adaptations in Punjab, Pakistan

by Qasir Abbas 1,2, Jiqin Han 1,*, Adnan Adeel 1,3 and Raza Ullah 2
1
College of Economics and Management, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China
2
Institute of Agricultural & Resource Economics, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad 38000, Pakistan
3
Institute of Business Management Sciences, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad 38000, Pakistan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(20), 4036; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16204036
Received: 17 September 2019 / Revised: 17 October 2019 / Accepted: 17 October 2019 / Published: 21 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Climate Change Adaptation and Risk Reduction)
The changing climatic conditions coupled with fodder availability have posed severe challenges and threats for the dairy sector in Pakistan. The current paper determines the influence of climate change on the dairy sector in Pakistan. Comprehensive data set was collected from 450 farmers. The majority of farmers experienced the climate change and its variability and explained that severity and frequency of climatic extreme events such as droughts, heat waves, floods, pests and diseases and humidity is increasing. The study found that farmers considered drought as one of the major climatic risks which severely affects all aspects of dairy production. Specifically, to estimate the perceived impacts of climatic extreme event on milk production, an ordered probit model was applied and identified that climate change had high adverse impact on milk quantity in the study area. Different adaptation practices, such as changing cropping pattern for fodder production, off-farm income activities, diversifying the farm and regular vaccination are mostly used by dairy farmers. The study recommends policy initiatives to be taken by government for long term developments in the dairy farming. View Full-Text
Keywords: climate change; farmers’ risk perceptions; dairy production; perceived impacts; adaptation; Pakistan climate change; farmers’ risk perceptions; dairy production; perceived impacts; adaptation; Pakistan
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Abbas, Q.; Han, J.; Adeel, A.; Ullah, R. Dairy Production under Climatic Risks: Perception, Perceived Impacts and Adaptations in Punjab, Pakistan. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 4036.

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