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Open AccessArticle

Premature Mortality for Chronic Diseases in the EU Member States

Faculty of Business Economics with Seat in Košice, Tajovského 13, University of Economics, Bratislava, 04130 Košice, Slovakia
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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(20), 4021; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16204021
Received: 12 September 2019 / Revised: 16 October 2019 / Accepted: 16 October 2019 / Published: 21 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Health Behavior, Chronic Disease and Health Promotion)
Premature mortality, and especially premature mortality for chronic diseases, is a very important topic of public health, health care, or lifestyle of population. The main aim of countries is to reduce premature mortality, and therefore an analysis of the development and status of premature standardized death rates (SDR) is key for disclosure of successes or failures in this topic. A boxplot chart was used to detect extremes of SDR for both sexes. The gender ratio revealed the differences of mortality rates between men and women. Premature mortality declined steadily in the EU between 2000 and 2016. The men’s premature SDR decreased from 390 to 275.9 between 2000 and 2016, while the women’s rate declined from 180.1 to 138.2. On average, annual premature SDR dropped by 2.14% for men and 1.64% for women. Thus, the gender ratio (male/female) declined from 2.17 in 2000 to 2.0 in 2016, which is a positive change for gender gap closing. The highest proportion of premature mortality belonged to mortality for malignant neoplasms, where the rate was as high as 47% for women and 32% for men in 2016. Premature mortality for chronic disease is especially high in the “new” EU member states. View Full-Text
Keywords: standardized death rates; premature mortality; chronic diseases; European Union; trend; variability; gender gap standardized death rates; premature mortality; chronic diseases; European Union; trend; variability; gender gap
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Megyesiova, S.; Lieskovska, V. Premature Mortality for Chronic Diseases in the EU Member States. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 4021.

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