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Open AccessArticle

Distributional Regression Techniques in Socioeconomic Research on the Inequality of Health with an Application on the Relationship between Mental Health and Income

1
Economics Faculty, Georg-August-Universität Göttingen, 37073 Göttingen, Germany
2
Department of Clinical Psychology, PFH Private University of Applied Sciences, 37073 Göttingen, Germany
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(20), 4009; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16204009
Received: 6 September 2019 / Revised: 7 October 2019 / Accepted: 15 October 2019 / Published: 19 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Socioeconomic Inequality of Health)
This study addresses the much-discussed issue of the relationship between health and income. In particular, it focuses on the relation between mental health and household income by using generalized additive models of location, scale and shape and thus employing a distributional perspective. Furthermore, this study aims to give guidelines to applied researchers interested in taking a distributional perspective on health inequalities. In our analysis we use cross-sectional data of the German socioeconomic Panel (SOEP). We find that when not only looking at the expected mental health score of an individual but also at other distributional aspects, like the risk of moderate and severe mental illness, that the relationship between income and mental health is much more pronounced. We thus show that taking a distributional perspective, can add to and indeed enrich the mostly mean-based assessment of existent health inequalities. View Full-Text
Keywords: health inequality; mental health; distributional regression; generalized additive models of location scale and shape; income; inequality measurement; socioeconomic inequality of health; regression health inequality; mental health; distributional regression; generalized additive models of location scale and shape; income; inequality measurement; socioeconomic inequality of health; regression
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Silbersdorff, A.; Schneider, K.S. Distributional Regression Techniques in Socioeconomic Research on the Inequality of Health with an Application on the Relationship between Mental Health and Income. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 4009.

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