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Factors Associated with Meat Consumption in Students of Spanish Universities: UniHcos Project

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Area of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Department of Community Nursing, Preventive Medicine and Public Health and History of Science, Food and Nutrition Research Group, Universidad de Alicante, Carretera de San Vicente del Raspeig s/n, 03690 San Vicente del Raspeig, Alicante, Spain
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Consortium for Biomedical Research in Epidemiology & Public Health (CIBER Epidemiología y Salud Pública-CIBERESP), 28029 Madrid, Spain
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Area of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Food Sciences, Toxicology and Legal Medicine, School of Pharmacy, Universitat de Valencia, 46100 Valencia, Spain
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Nursing Department, School of Health Sciences, Universidad de Alicante, Carretera de San Vicente del Raspeig, s/n, 03690 San Vicente del Raspeig, Alicante, Spain
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Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Universidad de Granada, 18016 Granada, Spain
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Instituto de Investigación Biosanitaria ibs, 15 18071 Granada, Spain
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School of Education and Sports Sciences, HealthyFit Research Group, Universidad de Vigo, 36005 Pontevedra, Spain
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Area of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Department of Medical Sciences, School of Pharmacy, Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha, 02071 Albacete, Spain
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Area of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Department of Biomedical and Diagnostic Sciences, Universidad de Salamanca, 37007 Salamanca, Spain
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Department of Pathological Anatomy, Microbiology and Preventive Medicine and Public Health, School of Medicine, Universidad de Valladolid, 47005 Valladolid, Spain
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School of Medicine, Universidad de Cantabria, 39005 Santander, Spain
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Marqués de Valdecilla Research Institute-IDIVAL, 39011 Santander, Spain
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Department of Biomedical Sciences, Area of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Universidad de León, 24071 León, Spain
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Group of Investigation in Interactions Gene-Environment and Health (GIIGAS)/Institute of Biomedicine (IBIOMED), Universidad de León, 24071 León, Spain
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Membership of the Grupo de Investigación UniHcos is provided in the Acknowledgements.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(20), 3924; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16203924
Received: 18 September 2019 / Revised: 9 October 2019 / Accepted: 10 October 2019 / Published: 15 October 2019
The level of meat consumption is one of the main deviations from the Mediterranean diet pattern in Spanish university students. The objective of this cross-sectional descriptive study is to analyze the association between sociodemographic factors and the consumption of fresh and processed meat in Spanish university students. This study is part of a cohort of 11 Spanish universities with 9862 university students (UniHcos Project). A descriptive analysis and a chi2 test were carried out to assess differences between personal and sociodemographic variables and meat consumption, and binary logistic regression analysis to assess factors associated with consumption; 19.9% and 73.5% met the recommendations for meat-fresh and meat-processed consumption, respectively. Only 3.8% of students meet the recommendations for both fresh and processed meat. Statistically significant differences were found between sex, BMI, employment, housing, and coexistence regarding compliance with recommendations. Female employed students living in rental accommodations with a partner are more likely to meet the recommendations for fresh meats while male, normal weight, employed students living in rental accommodations with a partner are more likely to meet the recommendations for processed meats. There is a lack of compliance with the recommendations for consumption of fresh meat in Spanish university students, differences in compliance among students of differing regions and an association with sex, employment, housing, and coexistence regarding compliance. View Full-Text
Keywords: students; surveys and questionnaires; meat; Mediterranean diet; cross-sectional study students; surveys and questionnaires; meat; Mediterranean diet; cross-sectional study
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ortiz-Moncada, R.; Morales-Suárez-Varela, M.; Avecilla-Benítez, Á.; Norte Navarro, A.; Olmedo-Requena, R.; Amezcua-Prieto, C.; Cancela, J.M.; Blázquez Abellán, G.; Mateos-Campos, R.; Valero Juan, L.F.; Redondo Martín, S.; Alonso-Molero, J.; Molina de la Torre, A.J.; Llopis-Morales, A.; Peraita-Costa, I.; Fernández-Villa, T.; Grupo de Investigación UniHcos. Factors Associated with Meat Consumption in Students of Spanish Universities: UniHcos Project. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 3924. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16203924

AMA Style

Ortiz-Moncada R, Morales-Suárez-Varela M, Avecilla-Benítez Á, Norte Navarro A, Olmedo-Requena R, Amezcua-Prieto C, Cancela JM, Blázquez Abellán G, Mateos-Campos R, Valero Juan LF, Redondo Martín S, Alonso-Molero J, Molina de la Torre AJ, Llopis-Morales A, Peraita-Costa I, Fernández-Villa T, Grupo de Investigación UniHcos. Factors Associated with Meat Consumption in Students of Spanish Universities: UniHcos Project. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(20):3924. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16203924

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ortiz-Moncada, Rocío, María Morales-Suárez-Varela, Ángeles Avecilla-Benítez, Aurora Norte Navarro, Rocío Olmedo-Requena, Carmen Amezcua-Prieto, José M. Cancela, Gemma Blázquez Abellán, Ramona Mateos-Campos, Luis Félix Valero Juan, Susana Redondo Martín, Jéssica Alonso-Molero, Antonio José Molina de la Torre, Agustín Llopis-Morales, Isabel Peraita-Costa, Tania Fernández-Villa, and Grupo de Investigación UniHcos. 2019. "Factors Associated with Meat Consumption in Students of Spanish Universities: UniHcos Project" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 16, no. 20: 3924. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16203924

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