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Article

Impact of an 8-Week Exercise and Sport Intervention on Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms, Mental Health, and Physical Fitness among Male Refugees Living in a Greek Refugee Camp

Department of Sport, Exercise and Health, University of Basel, 4052 Basel, Switzerland
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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(20), 3904; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16203904
Received: 4 September 2019 / Revised: 11 October 2019 / Accepted: 13 October 2019 / Published: 15 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Global Health)
Objective: To explore the potential impact of exercise and sport training on symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, anxiety, quality of life, pain, and fitness in male refugees living in a Greek refugee camp. Methods: This investigation was designed as a one group pre-test/post-test study. A total of 45 refugees (Mage = 25.6) participated in the data assessment. All participants were invited to engage in an 8-week exercise and sport intervention. Data were analysed with hierarchical regression analyses. Results: Baseline scores significantly predicted post-intervention scores across all study variables. Regression analyses showed that a higher participation rate predicted fewer anxiety symptoms, better health-related quality of life, higher self-perceived fitness, higher handgrip strength, and better cardiovascular fitness at post-intervention. A non-significant trend was also found for PTSD and depressive symptoms, showing that a higher participation rate was associated with fewer complaints at post-intervention. Conclusions: Among male refugees living in precarious conditions in a Greek refugee camp, frequency of participation in an 8-week exercise and sport training program seemed to have the potential to positively impact refugees’ health. Due to the pre-experimental study design, our results must be interpreted with caution. View Full-Text
Keywords: fitness; Greece; mental health; physical activity; psychiatric symptoms; refugees fitness; Greece; mental health; physical activity; psychiatric symptoms; refugees
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MDPI and ACS Style

Knappe, F.; Colledge, F.; Gerber, M. Impact of an 8-Week Exercise and Sport Intervention on Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms, Mental Health, and Physical Fitness among Male Refugees Living in a Greek Refugee Camp. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 3904. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16203904

AMA Style

Knappe F, Colledge F, Gerber M. Impact of an 8-Week Exercise and Sport Intervention on Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms, Mental Health, and Physical Fitness among Male Refugees Living in a Greek Refugee Camp. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(20):3904. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16203904

Chicago/Turabian Style

Knappe, Florian, Flora Colledge, and Markus Gerber. 2019. "Impact of an 8-Week Exercise and Sport Intervention on Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms, Mental Health, and Physical Fitness among Male Refugees Living in a Greek Refugee Camp" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 16, no. 20: 3904. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16203904

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