Next Article in Journal
Tactile Sensitivity of Women with Turner Syndrome
Previous Article in Journal
Hope in Hospitalized Patients with Terminal Cancer
Open AccessArticle

Frailty Prevalence and Association with Health-Related Quality of Life Impairment among Rural Community-Dwelling Older Adults in Vietnam

1
Scientific Research Department, National Geriatric Hospital, Hanoi 100000, Vietnam
2
Department of Gerontology, Hanoi Medical University, Hanoi 100000, Vietnam
3
Center of Excellence in Behavioral Medicine, Nguyen Tat Thanh University, Ho Chi Minh City 700000, Vietnam
4
Dinh Tien Hoang Institute of Medicine, Hanoi 100000, Vietnam
5
Institute for Global Health Innovations, Duy Tan University, Da Nang 550000, Vietnam
6
Institute for Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Hanoi Medical University, Hanoi 100000, Vietnam
7
Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
8
Department of Psychological Medicine, National University Hospital, Singapore 119074, Singapore
9
Institute for Health Innovation and Technology (iHealthtech), National University of Singapore, Singapore 119077, Singapore
10
Department of Psychological Medicine, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore 119228, Singapore
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(20), 3869; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16203869
Received: 26 August 2019 / Revised: 27 September 2019 / Accepted: 7 October 2019 / Published: 12 October 2019
Measuring health-related quality of life (HRQOL) is critical to evaluate the burden of frailty in the older population.This study explored the prevalence of frailty among Vietnamese older people in rural communities, determined the factors associated with frailty, and examined the differences in HRQOL between non-frail, pre-frail, and frail people. A cross-sectional study was conducted on older adults (≥60 years old) residing in Soc Son district, northern Vietnam. Non-frailty, pre-frailty, and frailty conditions were evaluated using Fried’s frailty criteria. The EuroQol-5 Dimensions-5 Levels(EQ-5D-5L) instrument was employed to measure HRQOL. Socioeconomic, behavioral, health status, and healthcare utilization characteristics were collected as covariates. Among 523 older adults, 65.6% were pre-frail, and 21.7% were frail. The mean EQ-5D-5L indexes of the non-frailty, pre-frailty, and frailty groups were 0.70 (SD = 0.18), 0.70 (SD = 0.19), and 0.58 (SD = 0.20), respectively. The differences were found between non-frailty and frailty groups (p < 0.01), as well as the pre-frailty and frailty groups (p<0.01). After adjusting for covariates, the estimated mean difference in the HRQOL between the non-frailty and frailty groups was −0.10 (95%CI= −0.17; −0.02) (R2 = 45.2%), showing a 10% reduction of the maximum EQ-5D-5L index.This study emphasized the high prevalence of frailty among older adults in the rural communities of Vietnam. Frailty was found to be associated with a small reduction of HRQOL in this population.
Keywords: frailty; health-related quality of life; older adult; Vietnam frailty; health-related quality of life; older adult; Vietnam
MDPI and ACS Style

Nguyen, A.T.; Nguyen, L.H.; Nguyen, T.X.; Nguyen, H.T.T.; Nguyen, T.N.; Pham, H.Q.; Tran, B.X.; Latkin, C.A.; Ho, C.S.H.; Ho, R.C.M.; Pham, T.; Vu, H.T.T. Frailty Prevalence and Association with Health-Related Quality of Life Impairment among Rural Community-Dwelling Older Adults in Vietnam. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 3869.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop