Relationships between Vitamin D3 and Metabolic Syndrome
AbstractThe growing number of overweight and obese individuals is an alarming global problem; these conditions are risk factors for the development of health problems such as metabolic syndrome (MetS), type-2 diabetes, atherosclerosis, and cardiovascular disease. Numerous studies have suggested that vitamin D3 deficiency plays a role in the pathogenesis of MetS. The aim of this study was to analyze the relationship between MetS and vitamin D3 levels in women. Laboratory analysis demonstrated that only 26.89% of the participants had vitamin D3 levels close to normal, and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) measurements revealed android obesity in 75.63% of the women. The menstruating women more often suffered from vitamin D3 deficiency, and less often had elevated vitamin D3 levels. The conclusions are as follows: (1) There were no statistically significant relationships between vitamin D3 levels and MetS parameters, namely the level of triglycerides, the levels of low- and high-density lipoproteins (LDL and HDL), the level of total cholesterol, and systolic and diastolic blood pressure (SBP and DBP). Vitamin D deficiency was only observed in the women with abdominal obesity. (2) Low vitamin D3 levels were typical of perimenopausal women. Age was a variable correlating with vitamin D. (3) The presence of menstrual cycles was an important contributor to vitamin D levels. Vitamin D deficiency was significantly more common in the menstruating women. View Full-Text
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Wieder-Huszla, S.; Jurczak, A.; Szkup, M.; Barczak, K.; Dołęgowska, B.; Schneider-Matyka, D.; Owsianowska, J.; Grochans, E. Relationships between Vitamin D3 and Metabolic Syndrome. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 175.
Wieder-Huszla S, Jurczak A, Szkup M, Barczak K, Dołęgowska B, Schneider-Matyka D, Owsianowska J, Grochans E. Relationships between Vitamin D3 and Metabolic Syndrome. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(2):175.Chicago/Turabian Style
Wieder-Huszla, Sylwia; Jurczak, Anna; Szkup, Małgorzata; Barczak, Katarzyna; Dołęgowska, Barbara; Schneider-Matyka, Daria; Owsianowska, Joanna; Grochans, Elżbieta. 2019. "Relationships between Vitamin D3 and Metabolic Syndrome." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 16, no. 2: 175.
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