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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(2), 172; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16020172

Assessing the Impact of Land-Use Planning on the Atmospheric Environment through Predicting the Spatial Variability of Airborne Pollutants

1
School of Geography, Geomatics and Planning, Jiangsu Normal University, Xuzhou 221116, China
2
School of Environmental Science and Spatial Informatics, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou 221116, China
3
Department of Geography, Earth System Science, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels 1050, Belgium
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 8 November 2018 / Revised: 19 December 2018 / Accepted: 7 January 2019 / Published: 9 January 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Environmental Science and Engineering)
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Abstract

As an important contributor to pollutant emissions to the atmosphere, land use can degrade environmental quality. In order to assess the impact of land-use planning on the atmosphere, we propose a methodology combining the land-use-based emission inventories of airborne pollutants and the long-term air pollution multi-source dispersion (LAPMD) model in this study. Through a case study of the eastern Chinese city of Lianyungang, we conclude that (1) land-use-based emission inventorying is a more economical way to assess the overall pollutant emissions compared with the industry-based method, and the LAPMD model can map the spatial variability of airborne pollutant concentrations that directly reflects how the implementation of the land-use planning (LUP) scheme impacts on the atmosphere; (2) the environmental friendliness of the LUP scheme can be assessed by an overlay analysis based on the pollution concentration maps and land-use planning maps; (3) decreases in the emissions of SO2 and PM10 within Lianyungang indicate the overall positive impact of land-use planning implementation, while increases in these emissions from certain land-use types (i.e., urban residential and transportation lands) suggest the aggravation of airborne pollutants from these land parcels; and (4) the city center, where most urban population resides, and areas around key plots would be affected by high pollution concentrations. Our methodology is applicable to study areas for which meteorological data are accessible, and is, therefore, useful for decision making if land-use planning schemes specify the objects of airborne pollutant concentration. View Full-Text
Keywords: land-use planning; environmental impact assessment; atmospheric quality; emission inventory; airborne pollution land-use planning; environmental impact assessment; atmospheric quality; emission inventory; airborne pollution
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Chen, L.; Li, L.; Yang, X.; Zhang, Y.; Chen, L.; Ma, X. Assessing the Impact of Land-Use Planning on the Atmospheric Environment through Predicting the Spatial Variability of Airborne Pollutants. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 172.

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