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Open AccessArticle

The Importance of Considering Alexithymia during Initial Stages of Intimate Partner Violence Interventions to Design Adjuvant Treatments

1
Department of Psychobiology, University of Valencia, 46010 Valencia, Spain
2
Department of Social Psychology, University of Valencia, 46010 Valencia, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(19), 3695; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16193695
Received: 12 September 2019 / Revised: 24 September 2019 / Accepted: 29 September 2019 / Published: 1 October 2019
Empirical evidence supports that individuals with alexithymia might be prone to certain types of violence, such as intimate partner violence against women (IPVAW). Moreover, considering that alexithymia is directly involved in behavior regulation, problems due to identifying and regulating emotional states might be postulated as responsible, at least in part, for the success of psychotherapeutic treatments designed for decreasing the future risk of reoffending. Therefore, we assessed whether alexithymia was a good predictor of the discontinuation of treatment (dropout) and the risk of recidivism during the initial stages of intervention in a sample of men convicted of IPVAW perpetration (n = 118), while controlling for potential confounding variables (i.e., socio-demographic characteristics, impulsivity, and drug misuse). Our data demonstrate that high alexithymic traits lead to dropout and a high risk of recidivism during the initial stages of treatment, remaining significant even after including potential confounding variables. Even though impulsivity and drug misuse increase the amount of explained variance, none of them moderates the association of alexithymia with dropout and/or reoffending. It should be noted that this study identified alexithymia as a direct modulator of violence due to its effects on discontinuing IPVAW treatment during initial stages. Therefore, as we gain knowledge analyzing the relationships between previously mentioned factors, it could be applied to develop valid screening methods along with strengthening current rehabilitation programs and designing adjuvant treatments to increase their effectiveness. View Full-Text
Keywords: alexithymia; dropout; drug misuse; intimate partner violence against women; reoffending alexithymia; dropout; drug misuse; intimate partner violence against women; reoffending
MDPI and ACS Style

Romero Martínez, Á.; Lila, M.; Moya-Albiol, L. The Importance of Considering Alexithymia during Initial Stages of Intimate Partner Violence Interventions to Design Adjuvant Treatments. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 3695. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16193695

AMA Style

Romero Martínez Á, Lila M, Moya-Albiol L. The Importance of Considering Alexithymia during Initial Stages of Intimate Partner Violence Interventions to Design Adjuvant Treatments. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(19):3695. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16193695

Chicago/Turabian Style

Romero Martínez, Ángel; Lila, Marisol; Moya-Albiol, Luis. 2019. "The Importance of Considering Alexithymia during Initial Stages of Intimate Partner Violence Interventions to Design Adjuvant Treatments" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 16, no. 19: 3695. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16193695

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