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Open AccessArticle

Effectiveness of Diabetes Community Sharp Disposal Education Module in Primary Care: An Experimental Study in North-East Peninsular Malaysia

1
Department of Community Medicine, School of Medical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Kubang Kerian, Kota Bharu, 16150 Kelantan, Malaysia
2
Unit of Biostatistics & Research Methodology, School of Medical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Kubang Kerian, Kota Bharu, 16150 Kelantan, Malaysia
3
Primer Unit, Kelantan State Health Department, Kota Bharu, 15200 Kelantan, Malaysia
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Kota Bharu District Health Office, Kelantan State Health Department, Kota Bharu, 15200 Kelantan, Malaysia
5
Non-Communicable Disease Control Unit, Kelantan State Health Department, Kota Bharu, 15200 Kelantan, Malaysia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(18), 3356; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16183356
Received: 21 July 2019 / Revised: 4 September 2019 / Accepted: 7 September 2019 / Published: 11 September 2019
(This article belongs to the Collection Health Care and Diabetes)
Background: Structured education is needed to cultivate safe sharp disposal behavior among diabetic patients. Thus, this study aimed to assess the effectiveness of the Diabetes Community Sharp Disposal Education Module in improving knowledge and sharp disposal practice among Malaysian Type 2 diabetic patients. Methods: This quasi-experimental study was conducted at primary health clinics in two districts in Kelantan, a state in the North-East Region of Peninsular Malaysia. A total of 132 Type 2 diabetic patients on insulin therapy were involved, with 68 participants in each control and intervention group. The health education intervention was based on the validated Diabetes Community Sharp Disposal Education Module. The knowledge and practices were measured using a validated questionnaire at baseline, one month, and three months after the intervention. Results: There was a significant increment in the mean knowledge score for intervention group; from baseline to one month follow up and from baseline to three months follow up [Greenhouse-Geisser; F(1.5, 199.7) = 62.38, p < 0.001; effect size (η2) = 0.318]. Intervention group had significantly higher mean knowledge score as compared to control group; at one month and three months follow up [F(1, 134) = 17.38, p < 0.001; effect size (η2) = 0.115]. There was a statistically significant increment in the proportion of participants in the intervention group who practiced the proper community sharp disposal method over time, X2(2) = 52.061, p < 0.001. Conclusions: The Diabetes Community Sharp Disposal Education Module was an effective health education tool to improve knowledge and encourage Malaysian diabetic patients to engage with proper sharp disposal practices. View Full-Text
Keywords: diabetes; community sharp disposal; module; effectiveness diabetes; community sharp disposal; module; effectiveness
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Hasan, U.A.; Mohd Hairon, S.; Yaacob, N.M.; Daud, A.; Abdul Hamid, A.; Hassan, N.; Ariffin, M.F.; Yi Vun, L. Effectiveness of Diabetes Community Sharp Disposal Education Module in Primary Care: An Experimental Study in North-East Peninsular Malaysia. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 3356.

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