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Article

Assessing the Mental Health, Physical Activity Levels, and Resilience of Today’s Junior College Students in Self-Financing Institutions

1
School of Nursing, Tung Wah College, Hong Kong, China
2
Teaching and Learning Centre, Lingnan University, Hong Kong, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(17), 3210; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16173210
Received: 27 July 2019 / Revised: 18 August 2019 / Accepted: 30 August 2019 / Published: 3 September 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Physical Activity and Mental Health)
In recent decades, the number of adolescents and young adults with poor mental health has been increasing, particularly among students in tertiary institutions. This study investigates the physical activities, resilience, and mental health status of junior college students in Hong Kong. The questionnaire consisted of demographic characteristics, the Positive Mental Health Scale, the Brief Resilience Scale, and the Godin-Shephard Leisure-Time Physical Activity Questionnaire. Four hundred and sixteen students participated in the study. The results showed a moderate positive correlation (r = 0.485) between resilience and mental health, and a low positive correlation (r = 0.258) between resilience and physical activity. The one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) with a post hoc test showed that arts students engaged in more physical activity than students from other disciplines. A multiple regression analysis was used to examine the predictors of a positive mental health status. The significant predictors are: resilience (β = 0.704; 95% CI = 0.575–0.833; P < 0.001), physical activity score (β = 0.032; 95% CI = 0.016–0.048; P < 0.001), the male gender (β = 1.035, 95% CI = 0.171–1.900; P < 0.05), and students’ enrollment in a health science discipline (β = 1.052, 95% CI = 0.175–1.930; P < 0.05). Preventive measures, such as strengthening resilience, a broad curriculum and taking note of the demographic and cognitive characteristics of students are essential for improving the mental health of freshmen in colleges. View Full-Text
Keywords: junior college student; resilience; positive mental health; physical activity junior college student; resilience; positive mental health; physical activity
MDPI and ACS Style

Chow, S.K.Y.; Choi, E.K.Y. Assessing the Mental Health, Physical Activity Levels, and Resilience of Today’s Junior College Students in Self-Financing Institutions. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 3210. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16173210

AMA Style

Chow SKY, Choi EKY. Assessing the Mental Health, Physical Activity Levels, and Resilience of Today’s Junior College Students in Self-Financing Institutions. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(17):3210. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16173210

Chicago/Turabian Style

Chow, Susan K.Y., and Edward K.Y. Choi. 2019. "Assessing the Mental Health, Physical Activity Levels, and Resilience of Today’s Junior College Students in Self-Financing Institutions" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 16, no. 17: 3210. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16173210

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