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Open AccessReview

A Systematic Review of Sexual Minority Women’s Experiences of Health Care in the UK

1
Faculty of Health, Education, Medicine and Social Care, Anglia Ruskin University, Cambridge CB1 1PT, UK
2
Academic Unit of Health Economics, Leeds Institute of Health Sciences, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK
3
Director of Public Health, Birmingham City Council, Birmingham City Council’10 Woodcock Street, Birmingham B7 4BL, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(17), 3032; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16173032
Received: 23 July 2019 / Revised: 15 August 2019 / Accepted: 17 August 2019 / Published: 21 August 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Health and Wellbeing in Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity)
Sexual minority women (SMW) experience worse health and disproportionate behavioural risks to health than heterosexual women. This mixed-methods systematic review evaluated recent studies on health experiences of UK SMW, published 2010–2018. Analysis was through narrative thematic description and synthesis. Identified were 23,103 citations, 26 studies included, of which 22 provided qualitative and nine quantitative results. SMW had worse health experiences that might impact negatively on access, service uptake and health outcomes. Findings highlighted significant barriers facing SMW, including heteronormative assumptions, perceptions and experiences of negative responses to coming out, ignorance and prejudice from healthcare professionals, and barriers to raising concerns or complaints. Little information was available about bisexual and trans women’s issues. Findings highlighted the need for explicit and consistent education for healthcare professionals on SMW issues, and stronger application of non-discrimination policies in clinical settings. View Full-Text
Keywords: sexual minority women; SMW; lesbian; bisexual; trans; health inequalities; heterosexism sexual minority women; SMW; lesbian; bisexual; trans; health inequalities; heterosexism
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MDPI and ACS Style

Meads, C.; Hunt, R.; Martin, A.; Varney, J. A Systematic Review of Sexual Minority Women’s Experiences of Health Care in the UK. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 3032.

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