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Economic Impact of Pharmacist-Participated Medication Management for Elderly Patients in Nursing Homes: A Systematic Review

1
College of Pharmacy, Korea University, Sejong 30019, Korea
2
Independent Researcher, Laurel, MD 20723, USA
3
College of Pharmacy, Daegu Catholic University, Gyeongsan-si, Gyeongbuk 38430, Korea
4
College of Pharmacy, Chungnam National University, Daejeon 34134, Korea
5
Biomedical Research Center, Korea University Guro Hospital, Seoul 08308, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(16), 2955; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16162955 (registering DOI)
Received: 6 June 2019 / Revised: 6 August 2019 / Accepted: 14 August 2019 / Published: 16 August 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Health Care Sciences & Services)
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PDF [697 KB, uploaded 16 August 2019]
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Abstract

This systematic review examined the varied studies that have assessed the economic impact of pharmacist-participated medication management for nursing home residents older than 65 years of age. The articles published during 1990–2017 were found through PubMed, EMBASE and Ovid Medline. After the selection process by independent reviewers, a total of 12 studies were included. The quality of the selected articles was assessed using the Effective Public Health Practice Project checklist for economic studies. The articles were highly heterogeneous in terms of study design, pharmacist participation type, and measures of economic outcome. Therefore, the results are presented narratively according to the type of pharmacist involvement featured in the articles: interprofessional networks, interprofessional coordination, or interprofessional teamwork. Of the eight studies performing statistical comparison analyses, one study of interprofessional coordination and three of interprofessional teamwork showed statistically significant positive economic outcomes. The remaining four studies showed non-significant tendencies towards favorable economic outcomes. This review provides insights into the essential features of successful pharmacist-participated medication management for elderly patients in nursing homes. View Full-Text
Keywords: systematic review; economic outcome; pharmacist; interprofessional; medication management; nursing home; elderly systematic review; economic outcome; pharmacist; interprofessional; medication management; nursing home; elderly
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Kwak, A.; Moon, Y.J.; Song, Y.-K.; Yun, H.-Y.; Kim, K. Economic Impact of Pharmacist-Participated Medication Management for Elderly Patients in Nursing Homes: A Systematic Review. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 2955.

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