Occurrence and Toxicological Risk Evaluation of Organochlorine Pesticides from Suburban Soils of Kenya
AbstractThe use of organic chemicals in agriculture and manufacturing has raised concerns about the dangers of organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) in the environment. By examining OCPs occurrence in the suburban soils from Kenya, this study revealed the distribution, concentrations, and the threat posed to the environment and human health. A gas chromatography electron capture detector was used to test the pesticides. The hexachlorocyclohexane (HCH) and dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) studied in soils of Kapsabet, Voi, and Nyeri towns showed concentrations ranging from 0.03–52.7, 0.06–22.3, and 0.24–24.3 ng/g respectively. The highest concentration of HCHs was in Kapsabet (0.03–48.1 ng/g), whereas the highest DDTs concentration was in Voi (n.d.–15.5 ng/g). Source identification revealed OCPs pollution originated from recent usage of DDT pesticides to control insect-borne diseases and from the use of lindane in agriculture. Correlation test revealed that total organic carbon influenced the presence of pesticides in the soils. The enantiomeric ratios of α-HCH/γ-HCH were <3 indicating the use of lindane while the ratios of DDE/DDT were <1 suggesting recent input of DDT. The cancer risk assessment showed values close to the set risk level of 10−6, suggesting the likelihood of exposure to cancer was not low enough, and control measures need to be established. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Mungai, T.M.; Wang, J. Occurrence and Toxicological Risk Evaluation of Organochlorine Pesticides from Suburban Soils of Kenya. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 2937.
Mungai TM, Wang J. Occurrence and Toxicological Risk Evaluation of Organochlorine Pesticides from Suburban Soils of Kenya. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(16):2937.Chicago/Turabian Style
Mungai, Teresiah M.; Wang, Jun. 2019. "Occurrence and Toxicological Risk Evaluation of Organochlorine Pesticides from Suburban Soils of Kenya." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 16, no. 16: 2937.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.