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Open AccessArticle

Comfort and Time-Based Walkability Index Design: A GIS-Based Proposal

Department of Geology, Geography and Environmental Sciences, University of Alcalá, Calle Colegios 2, Alcalá de Henares, 28801 Madrid, Spain
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(16), 2850;
Received: 28 May 2019 / Revised: 5 August 2019 / Accepted: 7 August 2019 / Published: 9 August 2019
(This article belongs to the Collection Physical Activity and Public Health)
Encouraging people to walk as a means of transport throughout their daily lives has obvious benefits for the environment, the economy, and personal health. Specific features of the built environment have a significant influence on encouraging or discouraging walking. By identifying and quantifying these features we can design Walkability Indices (WI). The WI in the literature do not take factors related to comfort such as noise pollution and shade/sun conditions into account. Given the importance of these factors in walking, we decided to include them in our design of a new geographic information system (GIS)-based WI. The relative weight of each factor was determined by consulting experts. The proposed WI, computed for the entire city of Madrid, Spain, uses sections of the sidewalk as the spatial unit. The properties of this WI (based on secondary sources, spatially detailed, dynamic, weighted, and including comfort-related factors) fill a gap in previous WI proposals. View Full-Text
Keywords: walkability index; comfort; weighting; secondary data sources; GIS walkability index; comfort; weighting; secondary data sources; GIS
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Al Shammas, T.; Escobar, F. Comfort and Time-Based Walkability Index Design: A GIS-Based Proposal. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 2850.

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