Next Article in Journal
Partial Smoking Ban and Secondhand Smoke Exposure in Japan
Next Article in Special Issue
My Mind is Working Overtime—Towards an Integrative Perspective of Psychological Detachment, Work-Related Rumination, and Work Reflection
Previous Article in Journal
Key Factors Identification and Risk Assessment for the Stability of Deep Surrounding Rock in Coal Roadway
Previous Article in Special Issue
Negative Influences of the 4th Industrial Revolution on the Workplace: Towards a Theoretical Model of Entropic Citizen Behavior in Toxic Organizations
Open AccessArticle

Development and Validation of an Interdisciplinary Worker’s Health Approach Instrument (IWHAI)

1
UFP Energy, Environment and Health Research Unit (FP-ENAS), University Fernando Pessoa, 4249-004 Porto, Portugal
2
Universidade Corporativa, Bahia 41745-002, Brazil
3
CNPq Research Group “Dynamics of neuro-musculo-skeletal System”, Bahiana School of Medicine and Public Health, Bahia 40290-000, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(15), 2803; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16152803
Received: 15 July 2019 / Revised: 30 July 2019 / Accepted: 5 August 2019 / Published: 6 August 2019
The present study aimed to develop and validate an Interdisciplinary Worker’s Health Approach Instrument (IWHAI). The development stage comprised a group of 10 professionals, including physicians, nurses, nutritionists, dentists and physical educators, as well as a judges’ committee, composed by 19 recognized experts in the area of worker’s health (WH). For the validation of the IWHAI, the Spearman’s correlation coefficient (rs) was calculated, the factor analysis to the instrument was applied, and the Cronbach’s alpha (α) and the Intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) were calculated. The IWHAI was structured in five dimensions, integrating 43 health indicators, on a scale of 0–4, totalling 215 sub-indices with closed response coding. The instrument was validated with a Kappa coefficient (KAPPA) (k), with excellent agreement for all attributes, i.e., k = 0.88 for applicability, k = 0.80 for clarity and k = 0.82 for relevance. p > 0.05 results reveal moderate to strong positive correlations between some variables, i.e., pests, vectors and air quality/drinking water quality (rs = 0.69). A total of 14 components of the factor analysis, explaining 62.6% of the data variance, were extracted. α value is considered moderate to high, α = 0.61, the ICC value also being considered moderate to high, with ICC = 0.61. The IWHAI is considered validated, constituting a technological innovation for an interdisciplinary approach in the field of WH, enabling the prevention and integral promotion of health. View Full-Text
Keywords: worker’s health (WH); interdisciplinary approach; questionnaire; instrument validation worker’s health (WH); interdisciplinary approach; questionnaire; instrument validation
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Viterbo, L.M.F.; Dinis, M.A.P.; Costa, A.S.; Vidal, D.G. Development and Validation of an Interdisciplinary Worker’s Health Approach Instrument (IWHAI). Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 2803.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop