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Open AccessArticle

The Role of Parenting Styles on Behavior Problem Profiles of Adolescents

1
Faculty of Psychology, University of Seville, Calle Camilo José Cela, s/n, 41018 Sevilla, Spain
2
Faculty of Humanities and Education Sciences, University of Jaen, Campus Las Lagunillas, s/n, 23071 Jaén, Spain
3
Faculty of Education, Psychology and Sports Sciences, University of Huelva, Campus El Carmen, Avenida de las Fuerzas Armadas, s/n, 21007 Huelva, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(15), 2767; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16152767
Received: 11 June 2019 / Revised: 30 July 2019 / Accepted: 1 August 2019 / Published: 2 August 2019
Parental behavior is one of the most influential factors on the development of adolescent externalizing and internalizing behavior problems. These behavioral problems are closely related and often co-occur. The objectives of this work were: (i) to identify adolescents profiles according to their behavior problems; (ii) to explore individual, family, and social characteristics associated with these profiles; and (iii) to analyze the potential role of parenting styles in belonging to adolescents’ profiles. A total of 449 Spanish adolescents (223 from families declared at-risk and enrolled in Child Welfare Services and 226 from families from the general population) participated in this study. The analyses revealed three profiles of adolescents based on external and internal behavior problems (adjusted, external maladjustment, and internal maladjustment). Parenting styles explained the adolescents’ belonging to different profiles, in which the indulgent style was the most favorable in general terms. The distinctive role of parenting styles on two types of maladjustment profiles was confirmed. The relationship between parenting styles and adolescent adjustment is a key component that should be included in interventions according to adolescents’ behavior problem profiles. Furthermore, the results shed light on the need that family interventions are complemented with individualized interventions with adolescents that accumulate stressful life events. View Full-Text
Keywords: parenting styles; adolescent; behavior problems; stressful life events parenting styles; adolescent; behavior problems; stressful life events
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MDPI and ACS Style

Lorence, B.; Hidalgo, V.; Pérez-Padilla, J.; Menéndez, S. The Role of Parenting Styles on Behavior Problem Profiles of Adolescents. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 2767. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16152767

AMA Style

Lorence B, Hidalgo V, Pérez-Padilla J, Menéndez S. The Role of Parenting Styles on Behavior Problem Profiles of Adolescents. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(15):2767. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16152767

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lorence, Bárbara; Hidalgo, Victoria; Pérez-Padilla, Javier; Menéndez, Susana. 2019. "The Role of Parenting Styles on Behavior Problem Profiles of Adolescents" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 16, no. 15: 2767. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16152767

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